Journals

Magazine:
FUZZY SETS AND SYSTEMS
ISSN:
0165-0114

Year:
2022
Vol:
446
Ppgs:
53 - 67

The paper studies the aggregation of pairs of T-indistinguishability operators. More concretely we address the question whether A(E, El) is a T-indistinguishability operator if E, El are T-indistinguishability operators. The answer depends on the aggregation function, the t-norm T, and the chosen T-indistinguishability operators. It is well-known that an aggregation function preserves T-transitive relations if and only if it dominates the t-norm T. We show the important role of the minimum t-norm TM in this preservation problem. In particular we develop weaker forms of domination that are used to provide characterizations of TMindistinguishability preservation under aggregation. We also prove that the existence of a single strictly monotone aggregation that satisfies the indistinguishability operator preservation property guarantees all aggregations to have the same preservation property.

Magazine:
ENTROPY
ISSN:
1099-4300

Year:
2022
Vol:
24
N°:
7
Pp:
896

Copy number changes play an important role in the development of cancer and are commonly associated with changes in gene expression. Persistence curves, such as Betti curves, have been used to detect copy number changes; however, it is known these curves are unstable with respect to small perturbations in the data. We address the stability of lifespan and Betti curves by providing bounds on the distance between persistence curves of Vietoris-Rips filtrations built on data and slightly perturbed data in terms of the bottleneck distance. Next, we perform simulations to compare the predictive ability of Betti curves, lifespan curves (conditionally stable) and stable persistent landscapes to detect copy number aberrations. We use these methods to identify significant chromosome regions associated with the four major molecular subtypes of breast cancer: Luminal A, Luminal B, Basal and HER2 positive. Identified segments are then used as predictor variables to build machine learning models which classify patients as one of the four subtypes. We find that no single persistence curve outperforms the others and instead suggest a complementary approach using a suite of persistence curves. In this study, we identified new cytobands associated with three of the subtypes: 1q21.1-q25.2, 2p23.2-p16.3, 23q26.2-q28 with the Basal subtype, 8p22-p11.1 with Luminal B and 2q12.1-q21.1 and 5p14.3-p12 with Luminal A.

Magazine:
AXIOMS: MATHEMATICAL LOGIC AND MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS
ISSN:
2075-1680

Year:
2021
Vol:
10
N°:
3
Pp:
201

Preservation of structures under aggregation functions is an active area of research with applications in many fields. Among such structures, min-subgroups play an important role, for instance, in mathematical morphology, where they can be used to model translation invariance. Aggregation of min-subgroups has only been studied for binary aggregation functions. However, results concerning preservation of the min-subgroup structure under binary aggregations do not generalize to aggregation functions with arbitrary input size since they are not associative. In this article, we prove that arbitrary self-aggregation functions preserve the min-subgroup structure. Moreover, we show that whenever the aggregation function is strictly increasing on its diagonal, a min-subgroup and its self-aggregation have the same level sets.

Magazine:
FUZZY SETS AND SYSTEMS
ISSN:
0165-0114

Year:
2019
Vol:
369
Pgs:
122 - 131

We implement the notion of annihilator into fuzzy subgroups of an abelian group. There are different uses for the term annihilator in algebraic contexts that have been used fuzzy systems. In this paper we refer to another type of annihilator which is essential in classical duality theory and extends the widely applied notion of orthogonal complement in Euclidean spaces. We find that in the natural algebraic duality of a group, a fuzzy subgroup can be recovered after taking the inverse annihilator of its annihilator. We also study the behavior of annihilators with respect to unions and intersections. Some illustrative examples of annihilators of fuzzy subgroups are shown, both with finite and infinite rank.

Magazine:
PLOS COMPUTATIONAL BIOLOGY
ISSN:
1553-7358

Year:
2018
Vol:
14
N°:
4
Pp:
e1006087

Numerous problems encountered in computational biology can be formulated as optimisation problems. In this context, optimization of drug release characteristics or dosing schedules for anticancer agents has become a prominent area not only for the development of new drugs, but also for established drugs. However, in complex systems, optimisation of drug exposure is not a trivial task and cannot be efficiently addressed through trial-error simulation exercises. Finding a solution to those problems is a challenging task which requires more advanced strategies like optimal control theory. In this work, we perform an optimal control analysis on a previously developed computational model for the testosterone effects of triptorelin in prostate cancer patients with the goal of finding optimal drug-release characteristics. We demonstrate how numerical control optimization of non-linear models can be used to find better therapeutic approaches in order to improve the final outcome of the patients.

Magazine:
PHYSICAL REVIEW E
ISSN:
2470-0045

Year:
2017
Vol:
95
N°:
3
Pp:
032607

Polycrystals of thin colloidal deposits, with thickness controlled by spin-coating speed, exhibit axial symmetry with local 4-fold and 6-fold symmetric structures, termed orientationally correlated polycrystals (OCPs). While spin-coating is a very facile technique for producing large-area colloidal deposits, the axial symmetry prevents us from achieving true long-range order. To obtain true long-range order, we break this axial symmetry by introducing a patterned surface topography and thus eliminate the OCP character. We then examine symmetryindependent methods to quantify order in these disordered colloidal deposits. We find that all the information in the bond-orientational order parameters is well captured by persistent homology analysis methods that only use the centres of the particles as input data. It is expected that these methods will prove useful in characterizing other disordered structures.

Magazine:
PHYSICAL REVIEW E
ISSN:
1539-3755

Year:
2014
Vol:
89
Pgs:
052212

We use the first Betti number of a complex to analyze the morphological structure of granular samples in mechanical equilibrium. We investigate two-dimensional granular packings after a tapping process by means of both simulations and experiments. States with equal packing fraction obtained with different tapping intensities are distinguished after the introduction of a filtration parameter which determines the particles (nodes in the network) that are joined by an edge. This is accomplished by just using the position of the particles obtained experimentally and no other information about the possible contacts, or magnitude of forces.

Magazine:
Forum Mathematicum
ISSN:
0933-7741

Year:
2012
Vol:
24
N°:
2
Pp:
289 - 302

Magazine:
Cognitive Processing - Heidelberg
ISSN:
1612-4782

Year:
2011
Vol:
12
N°:
2
Pp:
183 - 186

Semantic memory is the subsystem of human memory that stores knowledge of concepts or meanings, as opposed to life-specific experiences. How humans organise semantic information remains poorly understood. In an effort to better understand this issue, we conducted a verbal fluency experiment on 200 participants with the aim of inferring and representing the conceptual storage structure of the natural category of animals as a network. This was done by formulating a statistical framework for co-occurring concepts that aims to infer significant concept-concept associations and represent them as a graph. The resulting network was analyzed and enriched by means of a missing links recovery criterion based on modularity. Both network models were compared to a thresholded co-occurrence approach. They were evaluated using a random subset of verbal fluency tests and comparing the network outcomes (linked pairs are clustering transitions and disconnected pairs are switching transitions) to the outcomes of two expert human raters. Results show that the network models proposed in this study overcome a thresholded co-occurrence approach, and their outcomes are in high agreement with human evaluations. Finally, the interplay between conceptual structure and retrieval mechanisms is discussed.

Magazine:
International Journal of Bifurcation and Chaos
ISSN:
0218-1274

Year:
2010
Vol:
20
N°:
3
Pp:
913 - 922

Semantic memory is the subsystem of human memory that stores knowledge of concepts or meanings, as opposed to life specific experiences. The organisation of concepts within semantic memory can be understood as a semantic network, where the concepts (nodes) are associated (linked) to others depending on perceptions, similarities, etc. Lexical access is the complementary part of this system and allows the retrieval of such organised knowledge. While conceptual information is stored under certain underlying organisation (and thus gives rise to a specific topology), it is crucial to have an accurate access to any of the information units, e. g. the concepts, for efficiently retrieving semantic information for real-time need. An example of an information retrieval process occurs in verbal fluency tasks, and it is known to involve two different mechanisms: "clustering", or generating words within a subcategory, and, when a subcategory is exhausted, "switching" to a new subcategory. We extended this approach to random-walking on a network (clustering) in combination to jumping (switching) to any node with certain probability and derived its analytical expression based on Markov chains. Results show that this dual mechanism contributes to optimize the exploration of different network models in terms of the mean first passage time. Additionally, this cognitive inspired dual mechanism opens a new framework to better understand and evaluate exploration, propagation and transport phenomena in other complex systems where switching-like phenomena are feasible.

Magazine:
International Journal of Bifurcation and Chaos
ISSN:
0218-1274

Year:
2010
Vol:
20
N°:
3
Pp:
897 - 903

The existence of small order loops of contacts is presented as an intrinsic characteristic of force granular networks. Based on molecular dynamics simulations, it is proposed that the presence of these small order loops - and in particular third order loops of contacts - is important to understand the transition from fluid-like to solid-like behavior of granular packings. In addition, we show a close relationship between the development of third order loops and the small forces of the granular packing in the sense that almost all third order loops allocate a force component smaller than the average.

National and Regional

**degree scroll:**
Topological groups: Duality, Lie groups, Applications.

**Code from transcript:**
MTM2016-79422-P

**Funder:**
MINISTRY OF SCIENCE AND INNOVATION

**Call for proposals:**
2016 MINECO EXCELLENCE. PROJECTS research and development

**Start date: **
30/12/2016

**End date:**
30/09/2021

**Amount granted:**
53.603,00€

**Other funds:**
ERDF funds