INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH
Achievement emotions that the university student experiences in the learning process
can be significant in facilitating or interfering with learning. The present research looked for linear
and predictive relations between university students¿ achievement emotions, coping strategies, and
engagement-burnout, in three different learning situations (classroom, study time, and testing).
Hypotheses were identified for a possible model that would analyze the two facets of perfectionism
based on these relations. In the case of perfectionistic strivings, the test hypothesis was that positive
emotions would predispose the use of problem-focused coping strategies and an emotional state of
engagement; in the case of perfectionistic concerns, however, negative emotions would predispose
the use of emotion-focused strategies and a state of burnout. A total of 654 university students
participated in the study, using an online tool to complete validated questionnaires on the three study
variables. All students provided informed consent and corresponding permissions. Given the ex-post
facto linear design, the predictions could be verified for each situation by means of logistic regression
analyses and Structural Equations Models (SEM). Empirical results lent support, in varying degree,
to the proposed theoretical relations. The testing situation was of particular interest. We discuss
implications for perfectionism research and for the practice of prevention, education and health care in the university
in the university setting.
REVISTA ARGENTINA DE CLINICA PSICOLOGICA
83 - 90
Marital satisfaction and desire for change are closely related constructs, which are very important to measure couple dysfunction. The objective was to determine the eventual relationship between marital satisfaction and desire for change. A sample of 435 couples (166 functional and 264 dysfunctional) completed the Dyadic Adjustment Scale (DAS) and the Areas of Change Questionnaire (ACQ). Results showed that women wanted more changes than men did. The variables marital satisfaction, number of children, and length of marriage were found to predict desire for change. Both men and women have a different perception of their couple relationship and number of children and years of marriage influence their perception.
AESTHETIC PLASTIC SURGERY
702 - 707
Background Breast reconstruction after mastectomy is a part of breast cancer treatment. There is a lack of data regarding the impact of reconstruction over psychological traits and quality of life. The aim of this study is to evaluate personality changes in patients who underwent recon-tructive surgery. Methods Thirty-seven women underwent breast reconstruction. These women took the Crown-Crisp Experiential Index before and after the different procedures. The questionnaire analyzes: (a) the satisfaction level with staff relationships before and after surgery, and the level of satisfaction with surgical results and (b) personality index. Comparisons of preoperative and postoperative personality traits were made by using the Crown-Crisp test and analyzed by Chi-square test. Correlations between preoperative concerns and CCEI traits and correlations between physical aspects and Crown-Crisp, both preoperatively and postoperatively, were performed using the Spearman test. Results We found statistically significant differences in the following traits: anxiety anticipating possible technique failures (p = 0.01); cancer recurrence (p = 0.04); dissatisfaction with results (p = 0.02); phobic anxiety for possible technique failure (p = 0.03); obsessionality with possible technique failure (p = 0.01); preoccupations around cancer recurrence (p = 0.01) and dissatisfaction with results (p = 0.03); somatic of technique failure (p = 0.05); and finally, depression and hysteria traits in response to surgical procedures except anesthesia. Conclusion This prospective study suggests that personality traits define perceptions of body image, which has an influence over quality of life and satisfaction with results.