Three decades after independence from the Soviet Union, widespread predictions of conflict erupting in the Central Asian region have proven to be exaggerated. The control of regional identities by states has allowed for a peaceful process of nation-building. This has led the region to emerge as a stable geopolitical actor, and to develop its role as the transit nexus of the Eurasian continent - the Heartland - now in a new cycle of revival. In this cycle, China emerges as the new area pivot, to the detriment of Russia, allowing Central Asia to realise its historic geopolitical role.
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