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licentiate degree at Philosophy

Aplicaciones anidadas

Aplicaciones anidadas


The licentiate degree at Philosophy (postgraduate/Master's Degree) is oriented to allow students to deepen the study of a specific branch of the Philosophy and to exercise more fully in the philosophical research .

It consists of two academic courses, with a total of 120 ECTS credit, and includes the essay of the thesis of licentiate degree and the corresponding oral test of Degree of graduate.

At the University of Navarra, students take the specialization program "Christian Thought in Contemporary Society", which aims to train Christian philosophers with research and critical capacity, according to the most rigorous academic standards.


To start the licentiate degree at Philosophy (cycle II) it is necessary to prove that one has the degree scroll of high school program at Philosophy. However, the apostolic constitution Veritatis Gaudium on universities and ecclesiastical Schools also allows those who have the philosophical biennium or those who possess the equivalent philosophical programs of study (art. 68) to access licentiate degree through an integrative course that provides them with the necessary knowledge. At the end of this course, they must pass an exam to obtain the certificate which gives access to cycle II. For more information on this access route, please contact Admissions Office and attendance (Mr. Rafael Navarrete -


The Study program of the licentiate degree has the following structure: 

  • The first course offers the fundamental instructions for the training of student, from which the subsequent research can be developed. In this way, it deepens what has been studied in first cycle and lays the necessary foundations to enter into research;

  • The second course focuses specifically on the researchThe second course is specifically focused on the teaching of the subject, both in the seminars offered and in the thesis of licentiate degree, which is given a preponderant weight. The seminars are of two types: firstly, methodological, focusing on didactic and internship aspects of research, fundamental for those who are to become teachers and researchers at Philosophy; and, secondly, research, which will be linked to research groups at Philosophy of which the professors of School are members.



Examination of Degree

To sit for the Degree exam , you must have previously visited C at minor thesis.

The exam will take place in an oral and public session, and the student must show his philosophical knowledge and his capacity for the teaching. Specifically, he/she should mention an appropriate basic bibliography in order to exhibition of topic, and expose the topic in a clear and orderly manner following a well-structured script that allows him/her to develop, in the established time, all the points of interest.

On a date and at a time set by Office of Student Affairs , the Oral test will take place, which will be carried out as follows:

  • At least two days before the date and time set for the test Oral, the student will be convened for the drawing of lots for the topics. Once two of the 20 topics that make up the syllabus have been drawn by lot, the student will choose one of them. He/she may use whatever materials he/she deems appropriate to prepare his/her exhibition. However, only one outline or guide from exhibition may be brought to test .

  • On the date and at the time set for the Oral test , the student will present for 30 minutes the topic chosen before the court and, after the exhibition, will answer the questions that the members of the court want to raise on that topic or others of the agenda, in order to check if the student has the breadth of knowledge and maturity required to obtain the Degree of licentiate degree.

  • Finally, the panel will evaluate the oral test in camera, and will proceed to the grade of the Degree of licentiate degree, according to the following scale:

  1. transcript academic: 75% of the final grade

  2. test oral: 25% of the final grade

  • topic 1: Plato's Philosophy : The theory of ideas. Reality of ideas. The good. The metaphysics of value. The human soul: origin, nature and destiny. The truth and validity of knowledge. God. 

  • topic 2: Aristotle's metaphysics: Notion of metaphysics. Being and substance. Aristotle and Plato: forms and hylemorphism. The scope of the doctrine of act and potency. The causes. Meaning of Aristotelian teleology. The soul. The divinity in Aristotelian thought. 

  • topic 3: Thomistic metaphysics of being: The main historical approaches to Metaphysics. The act of being as a central aspect of Thomistic metaphysics. Essence and act of being. Being and existence. Explanation of the main features of Thomistic metaphysics in the light of the act of being. 

  • topic 4: The Kantian Philosophy : The Critique of Pure Reason and the scope of the human knowledge . The foundation of morality in the Critique of Reason internship. Teleology in the Critique of Judgment. Kantian physics and metaphysics. The Philosophy of religion. 

  • topic 5: Phenomenology: The method at Philosophy. Psychologism. The intentionality of consciousness. The Philosophy as science. development of phenomenology in the works of Husserl and Scheler. Phenomenology and metaphysics. 

  • topic 6: Existentialism: Kierkegaard's Philosophy . Phenomenology and existentialism. Existentialism in the work of Jaspers, Heidegger, Marcel and Sartre. Existentialism and Marxism. Existentialism and metaphysics. 

  • topic 7: The analytical Philosophy Philosophy transcendental and analytical Philosophy . Semantics and realism. Word and concept. The senses of being. Veritative being. Existence as predicate. Metaphysics and language. 

  • topic 8: Philosophy and Christianity Reason and faith. The function of reason in theology. Philosophy and theology. The problem of the Christian Philosophy . Philosophy and dogmatic formulations. Philosophy and Christianity in antiquity, medieval and modern times. 

  • topic 9: The morality of human acts The criterion and foundation of the morality of actions and its application internship. Freedom and ignorance in human acts. The nature of moral conscience. Moral standards and responsibility staff. 

  • topic 10: The truth of knowledge The principle of immanence and its development in the modern Philosophy . Empiricism, pragmatism and positivism. Examination of scientism. Conceptions about truth. The value foundation of the value of knowledge. 

  • topic 11: The proofs of the existence of God The ontological argument: forms and criticisms. The five ways in the context of the work of St. Thomas. Examination of the five Thomistic ways in the light of scientific knowledge and the conceptions of the modern Philosophy . 

  • topic 12: Atheism History of philosophical atheism. Atheism and pantheism. The materialism of the 18th century. Atheism and positivism. Marxism and neo-Marxist theories. Atheism and agnosticism in contemporary times: main trends. 

  • topic 13: Substantiality Historical overview of the notion of substance. Substance in the empiricist and apriorist perspectives. Substantiality in the inorganic world and in the living. Examination of the hylemorphic doctrine.

  • topic 14: Explanations of causality Causality in the Aristotelian doctrine. The empiricist critique. The category of cause in the Kantian Philosophy . Phenomenalism. Positivism. Scientific explanation and real causality. The problem of teleology. 

  • topic 15: Soul and body Validity and scope of evolutionary theories. The problem of hominization. Biology, experimental psychology and philosophical anthropology. Monistic and dualistic theories. The unity of the human person. 

  • topic 16: Man and nature The physical, the psychic and the spiritual in man. Reductionist theories of subject materialistic and scientistic. The transcendence of man over nature. Characteristics of the spiritual dimensions of man. 

  • topic 17: The Philosophy of science in the twentieth century The crisis of science and conventionalism. Logical empiricism. Popper's critical rationalism. The Popper-Kuhn polemic. The problem of rationality. Scientific truth. Epistemology and metaphysics. 

  • topic 18: Induction The Aristotelian concept of science. Induction and abstraction. The empiricist critique of induction and causality. The inductive canons. The controversy over the value of induction in contemporary epistemology. 

  • topic 19: Ethics and politics Reason internship and political reason. The social projection of freedom. Freedom and democracy. Law, law and democracy. The problem of violence. 

  • topic 20: Methodology of human sciences Experimental sciences and human sciences. The problem of rationality. Nature of sociological explanations. Ethics and Economics. Value of historical models. 


minor thesis

In order for a minor thesis to be admitted for processing, it is necessary to apply for the approval of topic of research during the first year of the programs of study. The professor who directs the work is also responsible for advising the student in all matters related to the progress of its programs of study.

In order for the work to be qualified, it is required to have C all the subjects corresponding to the two years of specialization program of Cycle II.

On April 30 ends the deadline of submission in the administrative office of the minor thesis so that it can be valued in the ordinary call, and before June 5 for the re-sit examination period.

  • Five copies of the minor thesis, signed by the director of the work, will be deposited at the administrative office of the School . The work shall be between 35,000 and 45,000 words in length. The formal aspects required for the presentation of the minor thesis are set out in the following link: FORMAL ASPECTS minor thesis (PDF VERSION).

  • Once the copies have been received, they will all be stamped, and one of them will be returned to student; then the appropriate registration will be formalized and the established fees will be paid.

  • The work of research will be sent to each of the three professors who are members of the designated tribunal for their evaluation.

  • On a date and at a time set by the Office of Student Affairs, the selection board shall be constituted and shall proceed as follows. After the deliberation of its members in closed session, the Chairman will transmit to student the appropriate observations on its work. The student, if he/she wishes, may apply for the floor to comment briefly on these remarks. Finally, the Chairman, if no further deliberation of the court is required, will inform student of the grade and will close the session.