Seguridad Regional Americana 2024

American Regional Security 2024: Military mobilization, normalized by the war in Ukraine, and discussion Politician on Violence


20 | 03 | 2024


report SRA 2024: Venezuela places troops on its border with Guyana and Cuba sends mercenaries to Russia, while citizen insecurity focuses political discussion in the region

In the picture

Image apparently sent from a Russian unit in which Cubans have enlisted [Networks]

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In parts of Latin America, the war is seen more closely. The war in Ukraine, due to the participation of Cuban mercenaries in search of an economic lifeline, has brought family anxiety about possible casualties on the front line to the daily life of the Caribbean island. In Venezuela, Nicolás Maduro's regime has mobilized its troops on the border with Guyana, of course mandated by a referendum by which it 'annexed' – on paper, not in reality – two-thirds of the neighboring country. No one says they want an armed conflict, but the normalization of war that Russia's aggression has meant and the apologies with which some Latin American presidents have welcomed it make 'war games' an element of the region's landscape, for the first time in a few decades.

Violence has been moving to the center of the country. discussion politician. In places with high crime, it was already so, but Bukele's momentary success in El Salvador has caused public discussion in most of the region to revolve around policies against organized crime. The case of Honduras, which has wanted to follow the 'Bukele method', sample the limitations of 'copy and paste', as well as the model Salvadoran. A reduction in crime is essential for continental prosperity; programs of study of the IMF and the IDB show the economic impact of violence.

A common temptation for governments in the region is to use the Armed Forces to fight crime or even to deal with unrest caused by social protests. If in previous years there were 'outbreaks' in Chile or Colombia, in 2023 they occurred in Peru and President Boluarte used the military to quell them.

The selection of topics for this edition of the report SRA is completed with the arrest of former U.S. ambassador Víctor Manuel Rocha for spying for Cuba, and with two articles on defense: the beginning of the construction of a nuclear-powered submarine in Brazil and a balance sheet of the lecture of Ministers of Defense of the Americas, a forum with few agreements but useful for military diplomacy.



summary EXECUTIVE / Military mobilization, normalized by the war in Ukraine, and discussion Politician on Violence

WAR / Havana's Dark Role in Sending Cubans to the Ukrainian Front —Liznora Castañeda

MILITARY MOBILIZATION / Swords held high between Venezuela and Guyana as territorial litigation moves forward at the ICJ—Ana Sofía Ramos

Bukele's recipe doesn't work in Honduras, where drug traffickers kill more than gangs —Pilar Garrido

CITIZEN SECURITY / The Economic Cost of Violence: Reducing It to the Poverty Rate average regional GDP would rise by half a point —Emili J. Blasco

SOCIAL CONFLICT / The Armed Forces in the containment and management of social conflicts in Peru —Ariana Betalleluz

ESPIONAGE / U.S. Ambassador and Spy for Cuba: One of the 'Highest Level and Duration' Infiltrations —Agustina Rodríguez Granja

DEFENSE / Brazil begins construction of nuclear-powered submarine -Pablo Rodríguez-Villanueva

DEFENSE / The lecture of Ministers of Defense, a forum without agreements but useful for military diplomacy —Sara Hernández Calabrés