Texts, articles and reviews with the label: 'chaos'.
Towards a description of complexity (physics)
summaryThe concept of physical complexity is elusive. Some formalizations have been achieved, which are only valid for some specific cases of complexity. Several phenomena and the common notes that allow them to be classified as physically complex are presented.
Author: Diego Maza
Can science offer an ultimate explanation of reality?
summaryNonlinear dynamics and the uncertainty principle show an indeterminate world. Gödel and Chaitin show that mathematical chance is not provable. It is concluded that finality, randomness and design in nature are outside the scientific method.
Author: Fernando Sols
What is determinism in physics?
summary summary of the main positions that have been taken historically on determinism and indeterminism: within Aristotelian causality, within the Newtonian approach to the laws of nature, and within the formalist interpretation of the principle of indeterminacy and the physics of chaos, with some concluding reflections on the interpretation of science.
Author: Santiago Collado, Héctor Velázquez
Chaos, complexity and self-organisation
summaryIn this seminar room Professor Mancini has made an introduction to the scientific meaning and scope of concepts such as "chance", "order" and "chaos", used by contemporary science to describe certain behaviours that appear in the so-called "complex systems". From them are derived others such as: self-organisation, emergence of new properties or formation of Structures, which often cause confusion or errors among non-scientific thinkers.
Author: Héctor L. Mancini
God and science. Jean Guitton in dialogue with scientists
summaryIn a recent book that has already been published on Spanish, Jean Guitton, of the French Academy, argues that the achievements of current science lead towards God. Professor Mariano Artigas analyses Guitton's suggestions, which are based on ideas widely discussed by scientists and philosophers today.
Author: Mariano Artigas
God, Chance and Purpose. Can God Have It Both Ways?
summaryA study on the role of chance in reality, its compatibility with natural laws and with God.
Author: Javier Sánchez Cañizares
seminar room on evolution with Professor Javier Novo
summaryThe basic concepts of population genetics are presented, and the role of selection and neutralist alternatives for evolution are indicated; the role of chaotic dynamics and the generation of complexity in biological systems are analysed in colloquium .
Author: Javier Novo
Society, Science and Faith: A Physicist's Perspective
summary: To say that today there is a crisis of faith and that the scientific and technical development influences this crisis is nothing new. knowledge If, as the First Vatican Council affirms, "reason and faith are two sources of Truth, one revealed and the other coming from observation", we should not find opposition between them. However, in fact, the controversy exists. The Second Vatican Council insisted again on the topic with great emphasis, as circumstances were aggravated during the 20th century by conflicts with positivism and materialism. The spread of Marxism turned the polemic into an important social phenomenon, and its consequences have not disappeared with the decline of Marxism. The polemic, which until a few decades ago for people of faith consisted in answering the accusation that religion is "the opium of the people", has led, with the healthy increase of tolerance, to a religious indifference that finds its best environment in the urban culture of the big cities.
Author: Héctor L. Mancini