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Nature and person

 

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Neuromorphic Computing and NanotechnologiesVideo and presentation

summaryNeuroscience knowledge can be combined with new nanotechnology techniques to build systems that capture and compute by mimicking the brain; this "neuromorphic computing" is a promising area of Artificial Intelligence advances.
Author: Bernabé Linares-Barranco

Psychology and Christianity: A goal-Model of the Person Video

summary: This seminar presents an integrated Catholic Christian goal-Model of the Person: a view that is informed by Christian faith and by reason and the psychological sciences. This better understanding of the person will enhance theory, research and practice in mental health.
Author: Paul C. Vitz

A biological theory of freedomText

summaryReview by Juan Arana of the book Joaquín M. Fuster, Cerebro y libertad. Los cimientos cerebrales de nuestra capacidad para elegir (Barcelona, Ariel, 2016. 375 pp.); sample his explanation of human freedom, naturalistic but without scientific simplifications.
Author: Juan Arana.

Some utopian considerations on the problem educational Video

summaryThe recent technological progress makes it necessary to provide specific scientific-technical training, which decisively shapes the system educational. It explores the possibilities of an education which, in this context, can provide people with human density.
Author: Juan Arana

The future of human being: neuroscientific and philosophical perspectives Video

summaryThe vision of humanity's future is currently shaped by science and technology. This is not only a contemporary conditioning of our thinking, but a deeper limitation to our correct understanding of what it means to be human.
Author: Saša Horvat

Ethics for machines: how to teach your robot to behave itselfVideo and presentation

summaryCan we teach ethics to machines? Artificial intelligence is explained, and how a computational system can modify its behaviour by learning from the environment, or from human beings.
Author: Gonzalo Génova.

The logic of creativity Video

summaryPhilosophical reflection on some fundamental dimensions of creativity: it concludes that there are no compelling reasons to differentiate between scientific and artistic creativity and examines the possibility of creativity through artificial intelligence.
Author: Carlos Blanco

Origins of man Video

summarySummarises the book Origins of Man. It starts from the biological understanding of the human being, to look for the origin of culture and other peculiarities: affectivity, conscience and freedom. The naturalistic vision of man is not able to explain the origin of these facets.
Author: Francisco Rodríguez Valls

The will to love that makes a difference Download pdf

summary sample human love has characteristics that cannot be reduced to love that has biological utility; this love refers to the recognition of the intrinsic value of the human being, of his dignity, and can only be explained with spiritual categories.
Author: Marciano Escutia

God in the brain? Religious experience from neuroscienceText

summary: Neuroscience can consider studying religious experience; this approach can also be of great interest to Theology. Both lines open up an interdisciplinary field of study that allows us to reflect on Theology in relation to the sciences and as a requirement of thought.
Author: José Manuel Giménez-Amaya

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Mind, brain and lifeVideo

Author: Thomas Fuchs

The neural circuits of consciousnessVideo

Author: Carmen Cavada

Brain rhythms, complexity and consciousnessVideo

Author: Julio Artieda

discussion on the book Mind and Cosmos by Thomas NagelVideo

Author: Lourdes Flamarique and Enrique Moros

Human intelligence and artificial intelligence: perspectives Video

Author: Manuel Alfonseca

Neuroscience and faith: The belief system as an interdisciplinary site meeting Video

Author: José Víctor Orón

God in the brain?Text

summary: From neuroscience, the attempt to explain out-of-body sensations and religious experiences has often been attributed to neurological alterations, or even genetic predispositions. These scientific explanations do not allow us to deny human spirituality.
Author: Luis María Gonzalo Sanz

Is quantum mechanics relevant to the scientific understanding of the mind-brain problem?Text

summary: Brief summary of the quantum models that attempt to explain consciousness, the purely physical determinants of this explanation, and a conclusive vision of quantum mechanics within the mind-brain problem.
Author: Javier Sánchez-Cañizares

Has the notion of the soul become obsolete?Text

summaryA synthetic description of the notion of the soul: the relationship with the living being in action and with its unity, the peculiarities of the human soul, the simplification of Cartesian dualism, the concept of the soul in the scientific sphere and the questions of method for its study.
Author: Santiago Collado

Hasn't the notion of the soul become obsolete? Download pdf

summaryBasic questions concerning the concept of the soul: how it explains the peculiarities of living beings - structure, development, movement - and their unity, the peculiarities of the human soul and the enrichment of this concept in the Christian tradition.
Author: Santiago Collado

Brain activity and diagnostic cautionText

summary: An article in the New England Journal of Medicine reports brain activity in response to verbal communication in patients in a persistent vegetative state. This data makes it necessary to be cautious when diagnosing this state.
Author: José Manuel Giménez Amaya

Every man is a philosopherText

summaryIt describes how reflection is linked to the human condition, the current influences that affect it negatively, the basic attitudes that need to be cultivated to foster it, contemporary challenges and the importance of not losing the capacity for wonder.
Author: Jutta Burgraff

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Brain and soul: new ways of looking at an old problem

summaryThe main ideas that I would like to transmit in my chapter are as follows:1. The neuroscience is a biological discipline, which was aimed in its foundation as an interdisciplinary common research. That is, in my opinion, the main reason for showing a great ability of growing in knowledge integration as we have seen and experienced in the last forty years.However, one of the most remarkable hints in this integrative development could be summarized in the following question: why the humanities studies have recently been of great interest for the neuroscience itself ? 3. To answer this crucial interdisciplinary enquiry, I will try to give you an idea about how difficult it has been for this neurobiological discipline to fully develop an explanation of the human being as a whole from the unique perspective of the functioning of the nervous system.4In a final approach and in contrast with the above-mentioned in n. 3, I will attempt to illustrate how coherent and consistent are the recent neurobiological discoveries (specially related to the field of the systems neurobiology) and the anthropological view of the aristotelian-thomistic philosophical tradition.
Author: José Manuel Giménez Amaya

Chomsky, human nature, language and the limitations of science and a complementary proposal inspired by C. S. Lewis

summary summary about Noam Chomsky and his theories (Chomsky, linguistic scientist and socio-political activist, Chomsky and human nature, the limitations of science, the origin of language) and a possible way out of his naturalism, based on the work of C. S. Lewis (a liberating, rational and complementary proposal , the rise of the spirit, the fall of the spirit).
Author: Marciano Escutia

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Consciousness, the great frontier

summary: Machines have reached heights that were unimaginable not so long ago. But scientists like engineer Manuel Alfonseca warn of their limits. Consciousness is the main wall that separates them from humans.
Author: Jesús Rubio

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From Physics to Mind. Roger Penrose's philosophical project

Author: Rubén Herce Fernández

From Neuroscience to Neuroethics. Scientific narrative and philosophical reflection.

summaryReview of José Manuel Giménez Amaya and Sergio Sánchez-Migallón. From Neuroscience to Neuroethics. Scientific narrative and philosophical reflection. Eunsa. Pamplona (2010). 183 pp. The work reflects on new scientific developments in Neuroscience and Neuroethics, looking at the limits of experimental sciences and the current need for interdisciplinary approaches.
Author: José Ignacio Murillo

Easeful Death. Is There a Case for Assisted Dying?

summaryAbsolute autonomy of the patient, the need to legally accept the financial aid to suicide, invalidity of contrary arguments.
Author: Antonio Pardo

The soul

summary: Exposition of the ways of analysing reality (the subject, the form, the spirit and the subject, and a brief analysis of the Christian doctrine.
Author: Juan Luis Lorda

Dr Crick's brain. Searching for the soul with the scalpel

summary: Commentary on Francis Crick's book, published at the age of 77, on the brain and consciousness, in which he mixes interesting scientific perspectives with a cheap, anti-religious materialism, unbecoming of a Nobel Prize winner award . Almost all of Crick's book is a popularisation of current knowledge about the brain and, above all, about vision. The ideological burden is concentrated in the Preface and Introduction, at the beginning of the book, and in the last chapter and a short final epilogue: 33 pages in all. Not much. But it is these 33 pages that give the book a provocative and polemical tone.
Author: Mariano Artigas

Libertarianism in the face of experiments "subject Libet".Video and presentation

summary: Benjamin Libet's experiments on the temporal sequence in the electrophysiology of certain voluntary acts have produced a discussion in philosophy and neuroscience. Many authors have seen in them a convincing test against the existence of free actions. More recent experiments, carried out with fMRI or deep electrodes, seem to lead to the same conclusion. However, the argumentation followed by their defenders has received important criticism.
Author: José Manuel Muñoz Ortega

The intelligent organism: misunderstandings about a paradox

summary: Reflections on materialism and its inconsistency based on the thesis of some neuroscientists who pretend to include thought in their scientific scope.
Author: José Ignacio Murillo

Understanding freedom better: an interdisciplinary approach between Neuroscience and Philosophy

summaryThe author presents some philosophical assumptions that are influencing the neuroscientific study of freedom, as well as certain problems that arise from neuroscience itself in its global understanding of brain functioning, neural networks and the neurobiological integration of attention, important phenomena for an adequate neurobiological understanding of freedom. He criticises a purely reductionist view of free will. He comments on the modern concept of freedom and the need for interdisciplinarity to address these issues. sample a subtle persistence of dualism in some of the approaches that study freedom and recovers the concept of life in the understanding of human activity.
Author: José Manuel Giménez Amaya

Interview with Enrique Moros about the book:Audio
The brain. The neurological and the transcendental.

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Interview with José Manuel Giménez Amaya: "Genetics does not determine human behaviour".

Author: J.A. Otero Ricart

Interview with José Manuel Giménez Amaya about the book:Audio
From neuroscience to neuroethics

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Habit acquisition in the context of neuronal genomic and epigenomic mosaicism

Author: Francisco J. Novo

The ambiguity of "neuroethics".Download pdf

summary: Lecture given at the conference Closing ceremony of the Master's Degree in Bioethics. Universidad Católica San Antonio (Murcia), 21 January 2011.
Author: Sergio Sánchez-Migallón

Consciousness

summaryArticle on the relationship between neurophysiology and consciousness.
Author: Amadeo Muntané Sánchez

Education and catechesis in the promotion of a culture of lifeAudio

Author: Ramiro Pellitero

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The "emergence" of freedom

summaryThis article examines some problems related to the notion of emergence when trying to explain the mind with it. Some paradoxes of this notion are also shown and a certain return to Aristotelianism is proposed in order to face these problems. The difficulty of establishing the limits between philosophy and science is mentioned, as well as the connection of this problem with those related to emergence.
Author: Santiago Collado González

The spirituality of the human being

summaryExposition of the Christian doctrine on the superiority of man in the world, and his spiritual nature, image of God, as the foundation of this superiority.
Author: Mariano Artigas

"Genetics is not incompatible with human freedom".

summaryInterview with José Ignacio Murillo in Ambos mundos on freedom, genetic determinism, environmental influence and neuroethics.
Author: Daniel Capó

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Steven Pinker's reasons (I)

summary essay on Steven Pinker, the first part of which was published in the October 2008 issue of
issue 119 of New Journal for the month of October 2008.
Author: Marciano Escutia

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Steven Pinker's reasons (II)

summary essay on Steven Pinker, the first part of which was published in the October 2008 issue of
issue 119 of New Journal for the month of October 2008.
Author: Marciano Escutia

The unity of the personDownload pdf

summaryAn interdisciplinary approach from philosophy and neuroscience.
Author: José Ángel Lombo y José Manuel Giménez Amaya

Intelligence and intentionalityDownload pdf

summary: This article explores the difficulties of approaching the problem of intelligence independently of any intentional consideration. To do so, I first examine three classical interpretations of the concept of the mental with the aim of showing their main shortcomings. goal . Secondly, I argue how an adequate phenomenological analysis of perception is an optimal means of understanding the intentional property. Thirdly and finally, I present some interpretative clues about the existence of information in Nature. All this serves to offer, at summary, a better proposal of basic criteria for the recognition of intelligent beings.
Author: Luis E. Echarte

Mind and brain in contemporary neuroscience.
An approach to their interdisciplinary study
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summary: The impressive development of neuroscience in recent decades has highlighted its need to turn to multidisciplinarity to address the challenges it faces. Among these challenges are those that relate to questions that are decisive for the understanding of man. This article argues that in order to address them effectively, cooperation between the sciences needs to be extended beyond the realm of experimental disciplines. As an illustration of this thesis, after an introduction on the importance of neuroscience in our times, one of the most relevant aspects for the understanding of the role played by the brain in human life and behaviour is addressed: the problem of consciousness. The presentation is structured by pointing out the framework in which this problem is posed, and then summarily explaining how Neuroscience and Philosophy have dealt with it. Finally, some suggestions are presented for the fruitful development of an interdisciplinary study that allows each of the sciences involved to make its own contribution.
Author: José M. Giménez-Amaya and José I. Murillo

Neurobiology of action, decision and habitus

summaryPresentation on the neurobiological instructions of human action: voluntary movement, the basal ganglia in the enrichment and selection of actions, and the network of ventromedial cerebral cortex, nuclei of entrance of the basal ganglia and substantia nigra in decision making.
Author: Javier Bernácer

Neurobiology of "attachment bonding" and pregnancyDownload pdf

summaryFunctional neuroimaging techniques show how certain brain areas are activated, while others are silenced, when a mother sees her daughter or son, or hears their voices. It is the correlate of the emotion, which in the presence of her child, in various circumstances, generates in the mother. The brain is organised to mediate the complex maternal behaviour. For this, gene expression is orchestrated by different hormones and neurochemical factors during pregnancy. Maternal behaviour can be reasonably characterised in terms of cognitive-emotional interactions and for which the amygdaloid complex functions as a nodal point connecting cognition and emotion.
Author: José Manuel Giménez Amaya

Neuroscience and freedom. An interdisciplinary approachDownload pdf

summaryFor many neuroscientists and philosophers of mind, the phenomenon of freedom can be fully explained by neuroscience. This paper attempts to show that a careful study of the situation and perspectives of Neuroscience reveals to what extent this thesis is problematic.
Author: José M. Giménez-Amaya and José I. Murillo

Neuroethics

summaryArticle on the origin and contents of neuroethics: scientific meetings core topic and positions of Adina L. Roskies, Judy Illes, Martha Farah, Thomas Fuchs, Walter Glannon, Jonathan Moreno and Neil Levy.
Author: Sergio Sánchez-Migallón Granados and José Manuel Giménez Amaya

News and innovationsDownload pdf

Author: Antonio Pardo

Russell G. Wilcox presents discussion paper at the University of Navarra

summary: summary from Russell G. Wilcox's lecture: consideration of the precepts of Natural Law is necessary to preserve the integrity of the system of human action as a whole.
Author: Russell G. Wilcox

Scientific creativity and human singularity

summaryInformation sciences have contributed to clarify the meaning of models in scientific research, and this, in its turn, has made it easier to understand in which sense we can speak about scientific truth. Using stipulations we reach a contextual and partial, but also authentical scientific truth. And our creativity allows us to handle theoretical constructs and experimental devices in such a way that we can grasp how nature really is. As the alleged disconnections and even oppositions between science and theology depend in a great extent from the way of understanding scientific truth, the epistemological analysis of the relationships between creativity and truth may help us to advance towards a unifying perspective of knowledge in which, although the differences among science and theology are carefully respected, it is also possible to understand their mutual harmony and complementarity.
Author: Mariano Artigas

seminar room Neuroscience and freedom

summary: Review of seminar room of the CRYF of 18 December 2007, summarising the main discussion paper of Professor José Manuel Giménez Amaya.
Author: José Manuel Giménez Amaya

On the origin of human intelligence

summaryThe brain as an organ of understanding, Can we know scientifically how human intelligence arose, Darwin or Wallace?
Author: Carlos A. Marmelada

On cloning

summaryExplanation of the technique of cloning by nuclear transfer, its possible animal and human applications, including 'therapeutic' cloning and ethical reflections.
Author: María Iraburu

Testamento fallido.
More shadows than light in the recent book by Eduardo Punset

summary: Review of the book Eduardo Punset. The journey to the power of the mind. The most fascinating enigmas of our brain and the world of emotions. Destino. Barcelona (2010). 364 pp. Contains a critique of the inaccuracies, internal contradictions and exaggerations contained in the work.
Author: Juan Arana

 

The role of consciousness in triggering intellectual habitsDownload pdf

Author: Javier Sánchez-Cañizares

The unity and the stability of human behavior. An interdisciplinary approach to habits between philosophy and neuroscience.Download pdf

Author: José A. Lombo and José M. Giménez-Amaya

Time, consciousness and freedom: considerations on the experiments of B. Libet and collaborators.Download pdf

summaryThis article is about the experiment by Libet and his colleagues on conscious decisions and others inspired by it. The discussion concentrates especially on two themes. Firstly, on the relation between consciousness and time. And, secondly, on the idea of freedom that is presupposed in these experiments.
Author: José Ignacio Murillo and José Manuel Giménez-Amaya