Texts, articles and reviews under label: 'emergency'.

Chaos, complexity and self-organisation

summaryIn this seminar Professor Mancini has made an introduction to the scientific meaning and scope of concepts such as: "chance", "order" and "chaos", used by contemporary science to describe certain behaviors that appear in the so-called "complex systems". From them are derived others such as: self-organization, emergence of new properties or training of Structures, which often cause confusion or errors among non-scientific thinkers.
Author: Héctor L. Mancini

The Origin of Life and the Evolution of Species: Science and Interpretations 

summaryThe scientific study of the beginnings of the world has in recent historical times raised the biological questions of the origin of life and the evolution of species (understood as the passage from one species to another by generation). In addition to the purely scientific problems they raise (such as the difficulty of establishing solid hypotheses), these studies are often interpreted beyond their possibilities; this article examines some of these interpretations, such as the solidity of our knowledge, chance in evolutionary processes, the struggle in nature, or the global vision of nature.
Author: Antonio Pardo

Emergence and reduction in morphogenetic theories

summaryThe origin of the universe and of man are the limit cases of the evolutionary worldview, whose main task consists in the formulation of morphogenetic theories explaining how new levels emerge from more basic ones. In this context, the problems of emergence and reduction occupy a central place. The following reflections first allude to the difficulties of classical analyses of reductionism and suggest that the problem of reduction finds its proper place within the analysis of relations between levels. These considerations are applied, secondly, to the examination of certain morphogenetic theories. And they are also applied, finally, to the problem of ontological emergence, including the evaluation of some proposals about the origin of the universe and of man.
Author: Mariano Artigas

Evolutionary epistemology

summaryCommentary on "Evolutionary Epistemology, Rationality, and the Sociology of Knowledge", edited by Gerard Radnitzky and W.W. Bartley III. Bartley III. Open Court, La Salle (Illinois) 1987, which proposes new epistemological approaches in Philosophy of science.
Author: Mariano Artigas

The "emergence" of freedom 

summaryThis article examines some problems related to the notion of emergence when trying to explain the mind with it. Some paradoxes of this notion are also shown and a certain return to Aristotelianism is proposed in order to face these problems. The difficulty of establishing the limits between philosophy and science is mentioned, as well as the connection of this problem with those related to emergence.
Author: Santiago Collado González

The spirituality of the human being

summaryExposition of the Christian doctrine on the superiority of man in the world, and his spiritual nature, image of God, as the foundation of this superiority.
Author: Mariano Artigas