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International Conference - History of Modern Spanish Architecture

International Conference - History of Modern Spanish Architecture

The School of Architecture of the University of Navarra is the venue for the International congress on the History of Modern Spanish Architecture. The meeting has been held every two years since its creation in 1998.

The last edition, held on 27, 28 and 29 April, addressed the topic "Architecture for Health and Rest (1914-1975)".



27 and 29 April 2022
Architecture for health and relaxation (1914-1975)

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Over the last hundred years, medical progress and studies on hygiene and health have established new hospital requirements that architecture, like no other discipline, has been able to satisfy, combining the technical with the aesthetic, the comfortable and friendly with the practical, to achieve spatial environments that not only allow us to try to heal, but often favour healing with aesthetic and landscape contributions that combine asepsis and attention to medical requirements with the curative and palliative qualities of a psychologically favourable environment. Because beauty also heals.

Sanatoriums for infectious diseases, hospitals and dispensaries, hospital architecture for war, including ships, offer countless examples of architecture that sought to respond to the needs of the weakest in society: the sick. And we also find interesting examples of this type of architecture in spas, rest centres, thermal baths, centres prepared for mental healing, etc., which together offer a portrait of the response to one of the most important tasks of architecture in society, because its results affect one hundred percent of the population, repeatedly, from birth to death.

Three issues are to be considered during the congress:

  1. Urban health architecture: hospitals, clinics, health centres.

  2. Landscape healing architecture: the sanatoriums.

  3. Architecture for relaxation and well-being: spas, thermal baths, rest colonies, convalescent homes, nursing homes...


New edition: Architecture for Health and Rest (1914-1975)




School of Architecture

31009 Pamplona, Spain

+34 948 42 56 00 Ext. 802731



  • Ana Tostoes

  • Joaquín Medina Warmburg

  • Juan M. Otxotorena

  • Antonio Pizza

  • José Manuel Pozo

  • José Ángel Medina

  • Wilfried Wang

  • Juan Calatrava

  • Paolo Valerio Mosco


The fee of registration will be 180 euros if it is formalised before 26 February 2022, and 240 euros if it is formalised after that date. Make the payment of congress.

27 April 

19.30 Exhibition Opening. ETSA Foyer. 

28 April


09.00 Accreditation. ETSA Foyer

09.30 Opening of the congress

10.00 Antonio Pizza (Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya)

The anti-tuberculosis dispensary by Sert, Subirana and Torres Clavé (1933-1937): An architectural and urban health factory at plenary session of the Executive Council "Barrio Chino" in Barcelona.

11.00 Break

11.30 Ana Esteban Maluenda (Universidad Politécnica de Madrid)

Health or recreation? A tour of Madrid's modern swimming pools

12.15 José Manuel Pozo (University of Navarra)

Beauty as a strategy in architecture for the sick

13.00 Jorge Torres (Universitat Politècnica de València)

H VEN LC. Le Corbusier: a Hospital for Venice project


16.00 Reading of papers (3 parallel forums) 

18.00 roundtable

19.00 Ana Tostões (University of Lisbon)

Health at the core of Modern Movement Architecture

29 April


10.30 Wessel de Jonge (TU Delf)

"Sanatorium Zonnestraal (1928-2013). Restoration and Adaptive Re-use of a Modern Icon".

11.15 Jonas Malmberg (Alvar Aalto Foundation)

Paimio Sanatorium by Alvar Aalto - the history and future

12.00 Break

12.30 Joaquin Medina (Karlsruhe Institute of Technology)

PRORA - Spa of the 20.000

13.15 Barbara Lamprecht (University of Liverpool)

Modern resources research restoration and rehabilitation


16.00 Reading of papers (3 parallel forums)

18.00 roundtable

19.00 Final Analysis

19.30 Juan Calatrava (University of Granada)

Paper sanatoriums: sanitary spaces in literature

21.30 Closing dinner


In collaboration with:

Erro and Eugui


Previous editions


Architecture for health and relaxation (1914-1975)

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The buildings of Industry: an icon and a space of progress for architecture at the dawn of modernity

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Technology in Modern Architecture (1925-1975): Myth and Reality

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Imported and Exported Architecture in Spain and Portugal (1925-1975)

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Architectural exhibitions and the architecture of exhibitions

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Architectural journals (1900-1975): chronicles, manifestos, propaganda

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Journeys in Spanish architecture's transition to modernity

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Crossed Gazes: Exchanges between Latin America and Spain in 20th Century Architecture

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American architecture, the driving force and mirror of Spanish architecture at the dawn of modernity (1945-1965)

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German and Italian models for Spain in the post-war years

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Architecture, city and anti-urban ideology

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The 1950s. Architecture and its commitment to history

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From Rome to New York. Itineraries of the new Spanish architecture. 1950-1965

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Imaginary nowhere


The foyer of the School is the venue for the exhibition Imaginary nowhere11 photographs by Professor César Azcárate of industrial works, designed for congress International Architecture 2020.