Texts, articles and reviews with the label: 'Scientific method'.

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Txt_Recent additions-scientific method

Reasonable certainty in science and philosophytext

summaryMathematics and experimental science are based on postulates that cannot be justified by themselves. Their acceptance implies the adoption of philosophical postulates. Some of these postulates, which lead to the possibility of a reasonable certainty in science, are shown.
Author: Fernando Sols

video and presentationWhat if naturalism were a pseudo-religion? The anthropological and theological challenge of naturalism

summaryNaturalism is nowadays put forward as the only interpretation of the natural sciences. Is it really reasonable to accept this view of science, and what if naturalism is nothing more than a theology, a pseudo-religion?
Author: Moisés Pérez Marcos

Open Reason. A personal proposal

summaryThe author's intellectual trajectory, theological and scientific knowledge (the latter in relation to quantum mechanics), the need for multidisciplinarity and the concept of open reason: openness to truth, both scientific and theological, are examined.
Author: Javier Sánchez Cañizares.

Video and presentationThe problematic neutrality of the scientific method

summaryIt is generally accepted that the scientific method is neutral with respect to metaphysics and theology. But accepting this neutrality entails faulty metaphysical and theological presuppositions: the indifference of nature with respect to God and the merely extrinsic relation of God to nature.
Author: David Alcalde.

Video and presentationThe Shroud of Turin: between science and faith

summaryThree important moments in the history of the Shroud of Turin are reviewed, from which lessons can be drawn that are valid for scientists, philosophers and theologians, and which serve to enrich the dialogue between science and faith in current debates.
Author: José Fernández Capo.

PresentationScience and religion: the realism of Michael Polanyi 

summaryMichael Polanyi (1891-1976), a scholar of the foundations of science, contributes ideas such as the role in science and the search for truth of the personal knowledge , belief and tradition, which make it possible to establish an integrating space between science, Humanities and religion.
Author: Francisco Gallardo. 

PresentationCan science offer an ultimate explanation of reality?

summaryNonlinear dynamics and the uncertainty principle show an indeterminate world. Gödel and Chaitin show that mathematical chance is not provable. It is concluded that finality, randomness and design in nature are outside the scientific method.
Author: Fernando Sols

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Txt_Other documents-scientific method

VideoC. S. Peirce: Science, Religion and the Abduction of God

summary: Belief in God in Peirce is not only a natural product of abduction or "rational instinct", but the scientific development and belief in God are interrelated: belief in God is capable of changing the believer's behaviour: the reality of God gives meaning to the whole scientific business .
Author: Jaime Nubiola

Is statistical demonstration scientific? 

summary: Scientific research, among many other things, is deductive and inductive. Deduction is used in all disciplines. Its demonstrations, irrefutable, usually end with a q.e.d. On the other hand, in the so-called experimental sciences, induction is increasingly essential. Modern statistics has come to give mathematical consistency... 

Author: Jesús López Fidalgo

PDFWhat is the relationship between faith and science today? 

Author: José Manuel Giménez Amaya

Is design intelligent a scientific or a religious theory?

summary: The main theses of the Intelligent design movement, born in the context of the dispute between Darwinism and creationism, and especially the inference of design from scientific observations, are described, and the problems of method of this position are discussed.
Author: Santiago Collado

Is everything subject? Is materialism the only possible interpretation?

summary: Study of the problems posed by the concept of subject: initial insufficiency due to circularity in the definition, extension of its study to philosophy, description of the materialist and spiritualist monisms, and recognition of the duality of material and non-material facets of reality.
Author: Santiago Collado

PDFProf. Artigas' contributions to epistemology and philosophy of science 

Author: Don Evandro Agazzi

Articulating science and theology: presuppositions and implications of science

summary: This article studies the presuppositions of science that allow a theoretical connection with theology: consistency of the natural world that allows its systematic study, the ordered nature of the world and the contingency of the natural world, which refers to causes superior to nature itself.
Author: Mariano Artigas

Chance and levels of observation in evolution 

summary: The theory of evolution currently posits the origin of new forms of life as result of chance and natural selection. In science, each phenomenon requires an appropriate method of study, and there may be different levels of observation involving different methods of study. In evolution, admitting chance at one level of explanation does not imply that other levels of...
Author: Antonio Pardo

Blind in Granada

summary: Communication on the scientific vision and the human vision of reality, which, in contrast to the former, allows us to discover God.
Author: Héctor L. Mancini

Science, reason and faith: A challenge of our time 

Author: José Manuel GIménez Amaya

Science and transcendence

summary: It is possible to achieve an integration of the scientific and the metaphysical perspective. They are different approaches. However, it is possible to integrate them, as long as their diversity is respected and the perspective required by each problem subject is adopted. This article examines the methodological gap, the border issues, the partial overlaps and how they should be...
Author: Mariano Artigas

Science and Transcendence: Intelligent Design 

Author: Santiago Collado

Comments on the new faith of materialism

summary: 1. Materialism, a) Naive realism, b) Consumerism, c) Dialectical materialism, d) Problems of the scientific method, the creation of hypotheses, the scope of the method, e) Superstitions, natural selection, the emergence of life, artificial intelligence, additional comments, 2.
Author: Atilio González Hernández. Telecommunications engineer

Defending the Axioms 

Author: Penelope Maddy

From conventional hypothesis testing in science to the evolutionary hypothesis 

summary: Understanding causality is central to public health and requires statistics, which uses hypothesis testing. In theory, chance could explain everything, but with statistics, chance is rejected as a cause when the probability is very high leave. In evolutionary biology this criterion is hardly applied.
Author: Miguel Ángel Martínez

From Thales to Newton: Science for smart people

summary: Review summarising the book: a review of milestones in the history of science, to see how the problems were originally posed and how the solutions that have made up later science were arrived at, with final reflections on the scientific method.
Author: Santiago Collado

speech of the Holy Father Benedict XVI to the participants in the Plenary Session of the Pontifical Academy of Sciences

summary: speech of the Pope to the Pontifical Academy of Sciences on the occasion of the beginning of the 2010 plenary session, commenting on the partial nature of scientific progress and the need for philosophical reflection as an indispensable complement to science.
Author: Holy Father Benedict XVI

Dr Crick's brain. Searching for the soul with the scalpel

summary: Commentary on Francis Crick's book, published at the age of 77, on the brain and consciousness, in which he mixes interesting scientific perspectives with a cheap, anti-religious materialism, unbecoming of a Nobel Prize winner award . Almost all of Crick's book is a popularisation of current knowledge about the brain and, above all, of the vision of...
Author: Mariano Artigas

The challenge of interdisciplinarity: difficulties and achievements

summary: What interdisciplinarity is not, the motivations of interdisciplinarity, the conditions of interdisciplinarity, knowledge as synthesis, the methodology of interdisciplinarity and other achievements of interdisciplinary work.
Author: Evandro Agazzi

"The Splendour of Truth" for a Christian Scientist 

summary: This paper analyses from a scientific perspective the consequences of the process caused by the separation between faith and reason and its relation to the different meanings of the word truth. It starts from the concepts enunciated by the Pope at Regensburg and attempts to describe the historical evolution from the ancient concept of "reason" to that of "scientific reason"....
Author: Héctor L. Mancini

The scientific method 

Author: Daniel Turbón

E. Mach and P. Duhem: The Philosophical Significance of the History of Science

summary: Ernst Mach (1838-1916) and Pierre Duhem (1861-1916) can be considered as parallel figures. Both lived at the same time, died in the same year, were prominent physicists, conducted research into the history of science, and related this work to their ideas on the philosophy of science...
Author: Mariano Artigas

Human evolution: the latest discoveries

summary: Introduction. The human being: that great mystery. The first discoveries. Neanderthal Man. Upright man without speech. The hominids of Southern Africa. The second generation. Paranthropes and the first Homo. Lucy. The most famous hominid. The decade of the nineties. In search of the roots. Abel. The australopithecine of Chad...
Author: Carlos A. Marmelada

The ambiguity of "neuroethics". 

summary: Lecture given at the conference Closing ceremony of the Master's Degree in Bioethics. Universidad Católica San Antonio (Murcia), 21 January 2011.
Author: Sergio Sánchez-Migallón

Evolution, between science, reason and faith 

Author: Juan Luis Lorda

The intelligibility of the natural world

summary: Three images of nature, intelligibility and causality, scientific truth, science and realism, the systemic perspective, the processual perspective, the dynamism of nature, physics and philosophy, cosmological categories, nature and transcendence.
Author: Mariano Artigas

The invasion of pseudo-science

summary: The proliferation of pseudoscience is one of the most striking and worrying phenomena of today, the demarcation criterion, Popper a convinced skeptic, parapsychology and magic, UFOs and extraterrestrials, scientists and pseudoscience.
Author: Mariano Artigas

The mind of the universe

summary: Study of the connection between God's intelligent plan for the world and its unravelling by means of the scientific business .
Author: Mariano Artigas

The limits of scientific language

summary: From its systematic birth in the 17th century, modern science became a source of perplexities. Kepler and Galileo were convinced that nature is like a book written in mathematical language. But the consolidation of the new physics rightly led to doubts that it was possible to understand it adequately in this way...
Author: Mariano Artigas

Mariano Artigas (1938-2006) in memoriam

summary: Obituary article on Mariano Artigas covering his academic training, ordination and the beginning of his priestly work, his time as a teacher in Pamplona and his intellectual contribution.
Author: Santiago Collado González

Mechanics, science and principles. An interpretation from Polo

summary: Article on the Newtonian interpretation of the world and its insufficiency for a complete cosmovision, following philosophical approaches by Leonardo Polo.
Author: Santiago Collado González


summary: Article on the origin and contents of neuroethics: scientific meetings core topic and positions of Adina L. Roskies, Judy Illes, Martha Farah, Thomas Fuchs, Walter Glannon, Jonathan Moreno and Neil Levy.
Author: Sergio Sánchez-Migallón Granados and José Manuel Giménez Amaya

Nicolas Oresme, Grand Master of the high school of Navarre, and the origin of modern science

summary: The College of Navarre in its first hundred years, the foundation of the College of Navarre, the College of Navarre and the University of Paris, the political, ecclesiastical and intellectual environment, the beginnings: Jean de Jandun, the time of Oresme, a new era: d'Ailly, Gerson, Clamanges, overall assessment. Oresme and the physical school of Paris, science in the 14th century...
Author: Mariano Artigas

Big bang news 

summary: The Bicep2 telescope discovered the first gravitational waves. Their presence would echo the inflationary process that occurred moments after the big bang, a theory it supports. The inflationary model and its compatibility with creation is briefly explained.
Author: Javier Sánchez Cañizares

Origin of man

summary: A work in which, after three technical chapters by Daniel Turbón, Mariano Artigas explains the issues in relation to faith and religion.
Author: Mariano Artigas and Daniel Turbón 

Peirce. Truth and the public

summary: Desire to be understood, to guess or to abduct, the inferred nature of knowledge, inference and truth.
Author: Juan Pablo Serra

Review of The Road to Reality

summary: Review of Penrose's work 'The Road to Reality', with reflections on the mathematical and philosophical vision it provides.
Author: Javier Sánchez Cañizares

Reliability and fallibilism

summary: Description of the scientific method and the subject of truth it arrives at, which is compatible with a gnoseological realism and with the acceptance of an authentic scientific truth.
Author: Mariano Artigas

Rescher and Gadamer: two complementary views on the limits of science

summary: Analysis of Rescher's and Gadamer's views on the limits of science: the former studies the internal limits and the latter the external ones.
Author: Alfredo Marcos. University of Valladolid (Spain)

Science and Spirituality: Making Room for Faith in the Age of Science 

Author: Michael Ruse

Society, Science and Faith: A Physicist's Perspective 

summary: To say that today there is a crisis of faith and that the scientific and technical development influences this crisis is nothing new. knowledge If, as the First Vatican Council affirms, "reason and faith are two sources of Truth, one revealed and the other derived from observation", we should not find opposition between them. However, in fact, the controversy does exist....
Author: Héctor L. Mancini

The Mind of the Universe
The Presuppositions and Implications of Science as a Bridge between Science and Religion

summary: The impact of secular humanism on our understanding of human affairs, and the desacralization of contemporary culture can be considered as two sides of the same coin. Apparently they are closely related to the progress of empirical science. I am going to consider these topics under the perspective of the impact of scientific progress on them....
Author: Mariano Artigas

The Mind of the Universe
Understanding Science and Religion

summary: The paper examines the work of "disenchantment" of the world by modern science and the need to "re-enchant" the world, within a context of rationality. The bridges to achieve this result lie in the self-organisation of the subject as a reflection of the divine action that imprints a teleology on reality...
Author: Mariano Artigas

Three levels of interaction between science and philosophy

summary: The epistemological level, the ontological level, the anthropological level.
Author: Mariano Artigas

Tradition and finding in Michael Polanyi's epistemology

summary: Book chapter summarising Michael Polanyi's view on the role of tradition in the progress of scientific theses.
Author: Francisco Gallardo

Is statistical demonstration scientific? 

summary: Scientific research, among many other things, is deductive and inductive. Deduction is used in all disciplines. Its demonstrations, irrefutable, usually end with a q.e.d. On the other hand, in the so-called experimental sciences, induction is increasingly essential. Modern statistics has come to give mathematical consistency...
Author: Jesús López Fidalgo