recursos_evolucion_tit_El debate del argumento

The discussion of the argument of the design

The discussion of the argument of design in our understanding of Nature and God

seminar from group Science, Reason and Faith.
Felipe Aizpún. Pamplona, October 16, 2018.


Full text of the exhibition

Felipe Aizpún is graduate in Law from the University of Navarra (1980). "Master in Business Administration (MBA) at the I.E.S.E. of Barcelona (1981-1983). For 35 years he has been working in the field of business management , mainly in General Administration. Initially, he was interested in issues of political Philosophy and economic theory. He then turned to moral Philosophy as a basis for this, and from there he focused on the study of the concept of human nature. It is at this point that his interest in discussion on origins, evolutionism and the design Intelligent as a movement arose. For about 10 years he has been collaborating with a group of work close to the Discovery Institute and for some years he has maintained a blog in Spanish on the ID ( He has published in this blog about 200 small articles (posts), some of which, together with other articles by other group colleagues, were published in the book "Charles Darwin vs. the Intelligent design ". He is also the author of "Evolutionism and Rational knowledge " (1910) and "The Fifth Way and the Intelligent design " (2014). These books contain his impressions and comments on the current state of evolutionary discussion and its scientific and philosophical implications.


The Aristotelian-Thomistic philosophical tradition has proposed various rational ways of arguing for the affirmation of God's existence. One of them relies on the finality observed in Nature. The formulation of mechanics in the 17th century provided a new setting in which to reformulate and qualify the traditional argument from finality. In the 18th century and the first half of the 19th century, the arguments based on finality proposed in this new scenario attained special relevance. Paley's argument for the existence of God, described at the end of the 18th century in a book that accompanied Darwin on his voyage to the Galapagos on the Beagle, is paradigmatic. The book was entitled "Natural Theology" (1802) and the argument put forward in it is known as the "argument from design". Precisely Darwin's "The Origin of Species" was for many a proposal that made arguments based on finality lose their validity. But the scientific scene has not stopped changing since then, and the biology of the second half of the 20th century onwards has given some people reason to believe that the design argument is still fully valid. The "Intelligentdesign " (ID) movement, for example, is moving in this direction. This movement has provoked a great deal of controversy, especially in the United States. There, it has been accused of continuing, in a more sophisticated way, the thesis of the creationist movements born at the beginning of the 20th century. The proponents of ID, for their part, place themselves in line with the finality argument of the Artistotelian-Thomistic tradition.