Texts, articles and reviews with label: 'reason'.

VideoThe resurgence of Rhetoric and its chiaroscuros

summaryThe rhetoric of the twelfth century, present in political action and in the media, engages with the postulates of the postmodern Philosophy and deconstructivism. The problem is analyzed from a Philosophy that can be called academic, and in reference letter to the truth.
Author: Ginés framework Perles

Reasonable certainty in science and philosophytext

summaryMathematics and experimental science are based on postulates that cannot be justified by themselves. Their acceptance implies the adoption of philosophical postulates. Some of these postulates, which lead to the possibility of a reasonable certainty in science, are shown.
Author: Fernando Sols

Download PDFLesson 2015: Can we talk about God in the context of contemporary science?

summaryScience, by its method, cannot directly study God as an object. However, the activity of the scientist has some fields which, although they are not scientific, are open to God: references to the absolute, the contingency of the physical, the intelligibility of the world and its dialogical otherness.
Author: Prof. Giuseppe Tanzella-Nitti

Introduction to the special issue of Scientia & Fides on Mariano Artigas

summary: Spanish version of the presentation to the special issue of Scientia et Fides dedicated to Mariano Artigas, in which the coordinator briefly summarises the contents of the magazine while presenting a semblance of the interests and intellectual achievements of Mariano Artigas.
Author: Santiago Collado

Can philosophy be a natural science? On the project naturalisation of reason

summaryNaturalised epistemology is currently widespread: the project of substituting philosophy for the natural sciences. It claims that we humans have a single reason that works well in the natural sciences. The rest of the sciences must be a continuum with them. Is it possible to fulfil this goal?
Author: Enrique Moros

Prof. Artigas' contributions to epistemology and philosophy of science Download PDF

Author: Don Evandro Agazzi

Benedict XVI thinks of the University:
From Regensburg to Berlin, via Rome and London

summaryThe conference extracts Benedict XVI's basic ideas on the faith-reason relationship from his speeches in Regensburg, La Sapienza, London and Berlin.
Author: Josep-Ignasi Saranyana, member of the Pontifical Committee for Historical Sciences (Vatican City).

Every man is a philosopher

summaryIt describes how reflection is linked to the human condition, the current influences that affect it negatively, the basic attitudes that need to be cultivated to foster it, contemporary challenges and the importance of not losing the capacity for wonder.
Author: Jutta Burgraff

Chomsky, human nature, language and the limitations of science and a complementary proposal inspired by C. S. Lewis

summary: summary about Noam Chomsky and his theories (Chomsky, linguistic scientist and socio-political activist, Chomsky and human nature, the limitations of science, the origin of language) and contribution of a possible way out of his naturalism, based on the work of C. S. Lewis (a liberating, rational and complementary proposal , the rise of the spirit, the fall of the spirit).
Author: Marciano Escutia

Science and faith: new perspectives

summaryArticle that exposes the bridges that can be established between science and faith; basically, the rationality of nature, the appearance of a global scientific cosmovision, the unfolding of the natural dynamism of beings, the self-organisation of subject and the natural teleology that underlies it, and the singularity of man who elaborates science within nature.
Author: Mariano Artigas

speech by Mr. Ángel J. Gómez Montoro, delivered at the ceremony in memoriam of Professor Mariano Artigas. 

Author: His Excellency Mr. Ángel J. Gómez Montoro

The knowledge of truth

summaryThe crisis of truth, the meaning of science: the search for truth, scientific truth, science at the service of truth, faith financial aid to science, functionalism and pragmatism, relativism, scientism, scientific rationality, metaphysical knowledge and Christian faith.
Author: Mariano Artigas

The science-faith dialogue in the Encyclical "Fides et ratio".

summaryScientific realism, science, reason and faith, reflective capacity, science and truth, modalities of truth, truth and belief, the unity of knowledge, science and wisdom, scientism, the Galileo case, the reverse, the assumptions of science and the impact of its progress, three concluding considerations.
Author: Mariano Artigas

"The Splendour of Truth" for a Christian Scientist 

summaryIn this paper the consequences of the process of separation of faith and reason and its relation to the different meanings of the word truth are analysed from a scientific perspective. It starts from the concepts enunciated by the Pope in Regensburg and attempts to describe the historical evolution from the ancient concept of "reason" to that of "scientific reason" and the birth of a "scientistic" ideology which has nowadays become established in society. The problems created by this ideology are highlighted and the impossibility of science to give a rational justification to the ends of human behaviour (ethics) and to the universe in general (the "meaning" or "purpose") is sample . As proposal attempts to show how one can try to recompose the concept of "truth of things", considering that science and religious faith are complementary descriptions of reality that are not mutually exclusive, both at the individual level in the person of a scientist and at the level of thought in the Philosophy of Science.
Author: Héctor L. Mancini

Interview with Professor Evandro Agazzi

summary: Interview that brings together some of the ideas of the seminar room that Professor Agazzi gave in Pamplona on 5 May 2004.
Author: Santiago Collado

Ultimately the science-faith tension must be resolved at the level of the person himself 

summaryZenit interview with Rafael A. Martínez, where he comments on the main issues of friction between science and faith (especially creation and evolution), and how they are resolved in the person.
Author: Rocío Lancho García

Scientific spirit and religious faith according to Manuel García Morente

summaryReflections by García Morente on the reaction of the scientist's rejection of faith: the argument of scientific progress, which would make religion unnecessary. Reflection on the philosophy of history and the unity of vital experience.
Author: Sergio Sánchez-Migallón

Evolutionism and Christian faith

summaryThe catholic doctrine on creation, the scope of natural sciences, evolution and divine action, the difficulties and their roots, the knowledge of divine action: reason and revelation, the origin of the universe, the origin of life, the evolution of living things, the origin of man, the evolutionist worldview.
Author: Mariano Artigas

Finding Design in Nature

summaryCardinal Schönborn's attack on Darwinism by opposing God's providence to the concept of chance in evolution.
Author: Christoph Schönborn

Table of contents of the book 'Science, Reason and Faith'.

summaryComplete index of Mariano Artigas' book 'Ciencia, Razón y Fe'. Pamplona: Eunsa, 2004.
Author: Mariano Artigas

Intelligence and intentionality 

summaryThis article explores the difficulties of approaching the problem of intelligence independently of any intentional consideration. To do so, first, I examine three classical interpretations of the concept of the mental in order to show their main shortcomings. goal . Secondly, I argue how an adequate phenomenological analysis of perception is an optimal means of understanding the intentional property. Thirdly and finally, I present some interpretative clues about the existence of information in Nature. All this serves to offer, in summary proposal of basic criteria for the recognition of intelligent beings.
Author: Luis E. Echarte

"Genetics is not incompatible with human freedom".

summaryInterview with José Ignacio Murillo in Ambos mundos on freedom, genetic determinism, environmental influence and neuroethics.
Author: Daniel Capó

The war of the sciences

summaryCommentary on the "Sokal joke" that makes explicit how questions of physics and other sciences are not a mere convention between physicists with no more support than sociological support.
Author: Carlos Pérez García

The mind of God

summaryThe central question Davies asks is whether our existence is a mere accident, a chance result of cosmic processes, or whether we should rather think of it as responding to some purpose. His answer is that self-consciousness cannot be a trivial detail, a minor by-product of purposeless forces: our existence responds to some subject plan.
Author: Mariano Artigas

The mind of the universe

summaryA study of the connection between God's intelligent plan for the world and its unravelling through scientific business .
Author: Mariano Artigas

Rationality in science and theology

summaryIs there any rational connection between science and theology? Theology used to be understood as the queen of the sciences. With the awakening of positivist attacks on the meaning of religious language and the positivist conviction that science is the model of all rationality, the claims of theology have been muted. Many theologians and believers have accepted with relief the olive branch offered by some scientists who suggest that every discipline is about completely different aspects of life. This article responds to the radical separation of objects and methods between the two disciplines.
Author: Roger Trigg

The unity of the person 

summaryAn interdisciplinary approach from philosophy and neuroscience.
Author: José Ángel Lombo y José Manuel Giménez Amaya

The limits of scientific language

summarySince its systematic birth in the 17th century, modern science has become a source of perplexities. Kepler and Galileo were convinced that nature is like a book written in mathematical language. But the establishment of the new physics rightly led to doubts that it could be properly understood in this way: how to explain that highly abstract and sophisticated theoretical constructs could be successfully applied in the real world? This question became a source of questions that persist to this day.
Author: Mariano Artigas

Thinking is not the only way to learn to think: keys to scientific thinking

summary lecture which analyses the role of mathematics in scientific models and its usefulness for teaching and for teaching students to think.
Author: Héctor L. Mancini

Science, Reason and Faith in the Third Millenium

summaryScientific realism, science, reason and faith, reflective capacity, science and truth, modalities of truth, truth and belief, the unity of knowledge, science and wisdom, scientism, the assumptions of science and the impact of its progress, three conclusive reflections.
Author: Mariano Artigas

Teleology as a bridge between nature and transcendence

summaryEven when the relevance of natural teleology as a bridge between nature and theology is accepted, it is sometimes argued that the teleological argument is not a real rational proof and that we can only know divine design by revelation. This is obviously true if we think about particulars of the divine plan. But, if we only refer to its very existence, it seems possible to know it by rational argument. Scientific progress does not solve the basic problems, but if we reflect about it together with its presuppositions and implications, we can find a very well paved route for the rational knowledge of God the Creator.
Author: Mariano Artigas

The Ethical Roots of Karl Popper's Epistemology

summaryEpistemology and metaphysics. The origins of Popper's epistemology, the 1919 experiences, the circumstances, the crisis, the consequences. The meaning and scope of fallibilism, fallibilism and conjecturalism, fallibilism and skepticism, the reasons for fallibilism, critical rationalism. A realist epistemology, some qualifications of fallibilism, the ethical meaning of fallibilism, faith in reason, realism: metaphysical and epistemological.
Author: Mariano Artigas

The Mind of the Universe
The Presuppositions and Implications of Science as a Bridge between Science and Religion

summaryThe impact of secular humanism on our understanding of human affairs, and the desacralization of contemporary culture can be considered as two sides of the same coin. Apparently they are closely related to the progress of empirical science. I am going to consider these topics under the perspective of the impact of scientific progress on them. In its beginnings, the new science was seen as a road from nature to its Maker, promoting natural theology. Later on, however, it was interpreted as favouring a "disenchantment" of the world. I will comment on some proposals of "reenchanting" the world, and will refer to my own proposal, which has recently been published in my last book, The Mind of the Universe, published last April 2000 by the Templeton Foundation Press.
Author: Mariano Artigas

The Mind of the Universe
Self-Organization and Divine Action

summary summary of the content of his book of the same title and a more detailed exposition of the content of the second part, related to the self-organisation of the subject, the meaning of this expression and the connection of the self-organising processes with the concept of teleology.
Author: Mariano Artigas

The Mind of the Universe
Understanding Science and Religion

summaryThe paper examines the work of "disenchantment" of the world by modern science and the need to "re-enchant" the world, within a context of rationality. The bridges to achieve this result lie in the self-organisation of the subject as a reflection of the divine action that imprints a teleology on reality, the singularity of man that produces science and the recognition of the intelligibility of reality.
Author: Mariano Artigas