Texts, articles and reviews with label: 'Religion'.

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Txt_Recent additions-subject religion

video and presentationThe Worldview of the Great Scientists: the Enlightenment

summaryThe usual interpretation is that, from the beginning of science, it was opposed to religion. The study of the Enlightenment sample is the opposite: believing scientists made it advance in discussion with Enlightenment ideologues who were enemies of religion and knew very little science.
Author: Juan Arana

TextLesson 2021: How does God act in casual events? Video

summaryThere are fortuitous events apparently irreconcilable with a creative plan. In order to clarify the problem, the notion of chance is presented, the ideas of Thomas Aquinas and some current authors are presented and it is concluded how divine intentionality and providence are compatible with chance natural laws .
Author: Juan José Sanguineti

video and presentationWhat if naturalism were a pseudo-religion? The anthropological and theological challenge of naturalism

summaryNaturalism is nowadays put forward as the only interpretation of the natural sciences. Is it really reasonable to accept this view of science, and what if naturalism is nothing more than a theology, a pseudo-religion?
Author: Moisés Pérez Marcos

Video and presentationThe scientific priest and the dimensions of the knowledge

summary instructions In the age of average, monks and priests such as Bacon, Saint Albert and Nicolas Oresme laid the foundations of modern science, in which figures such as Copernicus, Steno, Spallanzani, Mendel and Lemaître stand out. They integrated different fields of knowledge in their lives: science and literature, the material and the spiritual.
Author: Ignacio del Villar.

Priests and scientists. From Nicolas Copernicus to Georges Lemaître

summary: review to Ignacio del Villar, Priests and Scientists. From Nicolas Copernicus to Georges Lemaître. Digital Reasons, Spain 2019. The book examines the lives of scientists who were priests: Copernicus, Stenon, Spallanzani, Mendel and Lemaître.
Author: Enrique Solano

Video and presentationThe problematic neutrality of the scientific method

summaryIt is generally accepted that the scientific method is neutral with respect to metaphysics and theology. But accepting this neutrality entails faulty metaphysical and theological presuppositions: the indifference of nature with respect to God and the merely extrinsic relation of God to nature.
Author: David Alcalde.

Lesson 2019: Fighting against religion in the name of science. Has the battle been won?

summaryThe paper addresses the Degree inherent conflict between religious faith and science; the relative importance of science in processes of secularisation; and the complexity of the relationship between scientific thought and religious belief. It concludes by examining three scientific issues of contemporary interest.
Author: John Hedley Brooke.

Video and presentationThe Science-Faith relationship as told to young people

summaryThe opposition between science and faith is currently accepted. In order to avoid this false collective imaginary, it is necessary to educate and disseminate a reasoned understanding of science and religion. The speaker explains the arguments and experiences he handles in his teaching and dissemination to young people.
Author: Enrique Solano Márquez.

Video and presentationGeorges Lemaître: the priest who discovered the Big Bang

summaryGeorges Lemaître (1894-1966), analysing Einstein's general relativity, concluded that the Universe is expanding and obtained Hubble's law (2 years before Edwin Hubble). In 1931 he proposed his hypothesis of the primordial atom, the first formulation of the Big Bang.
Author: Jorge Mira.

Video and presentationEcological sensitivity (and Christianity?)

summaryThe sensitivity for the environment does not seem to go hand in hand with Christianity. This seminar room reflects from seven aspects of the environmental value and initiates a search of how, starting from these aspects, it is possible to establish a meeting with Christianity.
Author: Jordi Puig.

Video and presentationThe Shroud of Turin: between science and faith

summaryThree important moments in the history of the Shroud of Turin are reviewed, from which lessons can be drawn that are valid for scientists, philosophers and theologians, and which serve to enrich the dialogue between science and faith in current debates.
Author: José Fernández Capo.

PresentationScience and religion: the realism of Michael Polanyi 

summaryMichael Polanyi (1891-1976), a scholar of the foundations of science, contributes ideas such as the role in science and the search for truth of the personal knowledge , belief and tradition, which make it possible to establish an integrating space between science, Humanities and religion.
Author: Francisco Gallardo. 

Video and presentationClimate change: What do we know and how do we respond? 

summaryThe precautionary principle encourages us to take action on this issue. The precautionary principle encourages us to take action on this issue, but we continue to act as if it is not happening. Here we show the scientific instructions of the problem and its ethical implications.
Author: Emilio Chuvieco.

Video and presentationThe great enigma. Atheists and believers facing the uncertainty of the afterlife.

summaryThe relationship between the book of revelation and the book of nature depends on the picture of the world, which is obtained through science and philosophy. Today it seems that science establishes the most reliable way. What approaches does this scientific image favour and how does it explain the silence of God?
Author: Javier Monserrat

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God in the brain?

summaryThe neuroscientific attempt to explain out-of-body sensations and religious experiences has often been attributed to neurological disturbances or even genetic predispositions. These scientific explanations do not allow us to deny human spirituality.
Author: Luis María Gonzalo Sanz

Isn't it enough to believe that God exists and to do good? Why have a religion, why complicate oneself with the obligation to fulfil its rites and ceremonies? 

Author: Francisco Gallardo

Benedict XVI thinks of the University:
From Regensburg to Berlin, via Rome and London

summaryThe conference extracts Benedict XVI's basic ideas on the faith-reason relationship from his speeches in Regensburg, La Sapienza, London and Berlin.
Author: Josep-Ignasi Saranyana, member of the Pontifical Committee for Historical Sciences (Vatican City).

Brief historical overview of the position of the Church's Magisterium on evolutionism

summaryArticle that briefly describes the interventions of the Magisterium of the Church on biological evolution, focusing on those of the end of the 19th century and, in the 20th century, on those of Pius XII, John Paul II and Benedict XVI.
Author: Santiago Collado

Blind in Granada

summaryCommunication on the scientific vision and the human vision of reality, which, in contrast to the former, allows us to discover God.
Author: Héctor L. Mancini

Science and Faith in Systematic Perspective: The Oracles of Science 

Author: Juan Arana Cañedo-Argüelles

Science, reason and faith: A challenge of our time 

Author: José Manuel GIménez Amaya

Science and Happiness

summaryA comprehensive review of the work of Punset, who in his work tries to elaborate an ethic with an exclusively scientific basis.
Author: Carlos A. Marmelada

Science and religion

summaryThe work is described as a work of maturity, in which the themes of the main debates between science and religion are presented. Brief biographical sketch of the author.
Author: Mariano Artigas

Science and religion ("Mind and brain")

summaryHistorical article on the views of the last century and a half on science and religion: it examines the Anglo-Saxon views of the 19th century confronting science and religion, and the later developments that see the non-incompatibility or complementarity of both approaches.
Author: Luis Alonso

"As a scientist, Hawking is a professional; as a philosopher, a dilettante" (Interview with Juan Arana).

summaryInterview on the origin of the current conception of the relationship between science and faith, modern scientism and faith-evolution compatibility.

C. S. Peirce: Science, Religion and the Abduction of God

summaryThe belief in God in Peirce is not only a natural product of abduction or "rational instinct", but the scientific development and the belief in God are interrelated: the belief in God is capable of changing the believer's behaviour: the reality of God gives meaning to the whole scientific business .
Author: Jaime Nubiola

Darwin and the intelligent design

summary: review of the work by Francisco J. Ayala: Darwin y el design inteligente. Creacionismo, cristianismo y evolucionismo. Alianza publishing house: Madrid, 2007. 231 pp. Includes an extensive summary of the work.
Author: Carlos A. Marmelada

Darwin and religion: the story of a dialogue between science and faith 

Author: Juan Pablo Martínez Rica

God in the light of science

summary: Article commenting on Hawking's self-creation: the scientific explanation of the world is not done at the cost of diminishing the content of faith, but rather they deal with different issues, which do not compete with each other.
Author: Fernando Sols

speech of the Holy Father Benedict XVI to the participants in the Plenary Session of the Pontifical Academy of Sciences

summary speech : of the Pope to the Pontifical Academy of Sciences on the occasion of the beginning of the 2010 plenary session, commenting on the partial nature of scientific progress and the need for philosophical reflection as an indispensable complement to science.
Author: Holy Father Benedict XVI

The Big Bang and Creation

summary: Detailed description of the Big Bang finding in the first two thirds of the 20th century, the discussion of Einstein's cosmological constant and Lemaître's later discoveries, and explanation of the lack of incompatibility of this model with the doctrine of creation.

The science-religion conflict: an invented tradition?Presentation

summaryIn order to better understand the "science-religion" relationship, the notion of "invented tradition" is useful: the term "scientific", coined in 1833 to generate a community, led to the formation of an "invented tradition", the consequences of which include the thesis of conflict.
Author: Jaume Navarro.

"The Splendour of Truth" for a Christian Scientist 

summaryIn this paper the consequences of the process of separation of faith and reason and its relation to the different meanings of the word truth are analysed from a scientific perspective. It starts from the concepts enunciated by the Pope in Regensburg and attempts to describe the historical evolution from the ancient concept of "reason" to that of "scientific reason" and the birth of a "scientistic" ideology which has nowadays become established in society. The problems created by this ideology are highlighted and the impossibility of science to give a rational justification to the ends of human behaviour (ethics) and to the universe in general (the "meaning" or "purpose") is sample . As proposal attempts to show how one can try to recompose the concept of "truth of things", considering that science and religious faith are complementary descriptions of reality that are not mutually exclusive, both at the individual level in the person of a scientist and at the level of thought in the Philosophy of Science.
Author: Héctor L. Mancini

The university ideal and other essays 

Author: Manuel García Morente

The New Scientific Study of Religion: Contributions, Limits and Challenges 

summaryThe last 15 years have seen an extensive development in the application of cognitive and evolutionary methods to the study of religion. The accumulated bibliography is very extensive and several orientations are outlined, with wide-ranging debates between their respective representatives. However, there has also been a growing issue of critics who highlight its limits and errors, as well as the lack of empirical evidence that afflicts a large part of this project. It is time to take stock in order to discern what these developments may have contributed to us, above all for a better knowledge of the Christian faith, and for the dialogue between faith and science; as well as to understand their errors and respond to the challenges they have posed.
Author: Lluis Oviedo

The origin of the universe 

summary summary of the scientific discoveries about the universe, from the first Greek theories to the big-bang, and exhibition of the Christian doctrine on creation in a detailed way, so that it is seen that they do not oppose each other.
Author: Carlos Pérez and Héctor L. Mancini

The role of Catholics in the scientific revolution of the last centuriesPresentation

summaryThe scientific revolution has taken place in a Christian environment. To illustrate this, historical background is analysed and five examples of Catholic scientists from the 16th to the 20th centuries are presented: Galileo Galilei, Alessandro Volta, Maria Gaetana Agnesi, Louis Pasteur and Jérôme Lejeune.
Author: Ignacio del Villar

The Vatican and evolution. The reception of Darwinism on the file of the Table of Contents 

summaryThe opening of file of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, in 1988, has given access to the existing documentation on the first reaction of the Vatican authorities to the theory of evolution. This article presents the research initiated by Mariano Artigas in 1999 to determine the attitude of the Congregation of the Index towards Catholic authors who defended the compatibility between evolution and Christian doctrine, and its main results. Despite the fact that Catholic theology severely criticised evolutionism, the authorities of the Holy See maintained a certain prudence, which avoided a frontal meeting between evolution and Catholic doctrine.
Author: Rafael A. Martínez

E. Mach and P. Duhem: The Philosophical Significance of the History of Science

summaryErnst Mach (1838-1916) and Pierre Duhem (1861-1916) can be considered as parallel figures. Both lived at the same time, died in the same year, were prominent physicists, conducted research on the history of science, and related that work to their ideas on the philosophy of science. As if this were not enough, both asserted that scientific theories are neither true nor false. It is not surprising, therefore, that their names are commonly associated in the epistemological literature and that they are presented as prominent representatives of conventionalism. However, there are important differences between them. Mach's ideas are closely related to an evolutionary and empiricist perspective, where science represents a useful tool for survival and there is no place for metaphysics; Mach's influence was naturally prolonged in the neo-positivism of the Vienna Circle. In contrast, Duhem harmonised his epistemology with a realist philosophical perspective, emphasised in his historical research the importance of Christianity in the birth of modern science, and affirmed the coherence between science, philosophy and Christianity.
Author: Mariano Artigas

Interview with Mariano Artigas in Zenit

summaryIn this interview with Zenit, Mariano Artigas, professor of philosophy of nature and science at the University of Navarra, reminds us that "with an adequate combination of religious sense and scientific and technical knowledge, many of the most serious problems that humanity suffers today could be solved".

Interview with Professor Evandro Agazzi

summary: Interview that brings together some of the ideas of the seminar room that Professor Agazzi gave in Pamplona on 5 May 2004.
Author: Santiago Collado

Galileo, 350 years later

summaryReflection on the change from confidence in the rationality of science to scientific irrationalism in the context of the Galileo case.
Author: Mariano Artigas

Galileo after the Pontifical Commission Presentation

summaryThe criticisms of the Commission and the final speeches, preliminary clarifications, 10 November 1979: The manifestation of a wish, May-July 1981: Creation of the Commission, the work of the Commission, Were there any secret documents, Towards the conclusion of the work, How to conclude, 31 October 1992: The conclusion of the work of the Commission, final assessment.
Author: Mariano Artigas

Galileo and the Vatican

summaryPresentation of "Galileo e il Vaticano", translation of the Spanish version.

PresentationGalileo today. Three and a half centuries after the trial 

summary350 years ago, Galileo appeared before the Holy See official document in Rome, and the following year he was condemned. This famous trial has been clearly deplored by the Church. But these facts are also abused, drawing from them false conclusions that are applied to judge various current problems.
Author: Mariano Artigas

Georges Lemaître and the Big Bang. No prejudices please 

summaryIt is difficult to be an astrophysicist and a priest. Even more so if you propose a theory that challenges Albert Einstein's research and revolutionises astronomy. This happened to Georges Lemaître, the father of the theory of the origin of the cosmos.
Author: Eduardo Riaza Molina 

John Barrow and the anthropic cosmological principle

summaryCommentary on the award of the award Templeton to John D. Barrow and explanation of the anthropic principle in its different variants: strong, weak, participative and final.
Author: Carlos A. Marmelada

Evolution is a divine tool 

summaryInterview with Karl W. Giberson. Participation in television debates on evolution and creationism make Karl W. Giberson, physicist and Christian theologian, an important figure when talking about the clash between science and faith. Are Darwin's ideas evidence for the non-existence of God?
Author: Emili J. Blasco

"Genetics is not incompatible with human freedom".

summaryInterview with José Ignacio Murillo in Ambos mundos on freedom, genetic determinism, environmental influence and neuroethics.
Author: Daniel Capó

The Church and evolutionism: the case of Raffaello Caverni

summaryIn this article unpublished documents are brought to light about a book that was condemned in 1878 by the Congregation of the Index because it argued that evolutionism and Christianity were compatible.
Author: Mariano Artigas and Rafael Martínez 

Rationality in science and theology

summaryIs there any rational connection between science and theology? Theology used to be understood as the queen of the sciences. With the awakening of positivist attacks on the meaning of religious language and the positivist conviction that science is the model of all rationality, the claims of theology have been muted. Many theologians and believers have accepted with relief the olive branch offered by some scientists who suggest that every discipline is about completely different aspects of life. This article responds to the radical separation of objects and methods between the two disciplines.
Author: Roger Trigg

Religion in contemporary science: impertinence and inspiration 

Author: Santiago Collado

The reasons for "scientific" atheism

summaryBased on the discussion between Richard Dawkins and Rowan Williams, the arguments commonly used by atheists are discussed: the God of the holes and the theory of multiverses.
Author: Javier Sánchez Cañizares

Lesson 2011: The Galileo Affair. What theology could learn from scientists

summaryReflections on revelation in the light of scientific knowledge: interpretation of biblical texts, God's action in evolution, ways of looking at our place in the world, accounts of creation, and reflections on chance and providence.
Author: Prof. William Shea

Lesson 2013: Christianity and the ongoing challenge of Evolution

summaryThe modern astronomy forced a serious questioning of the interpretation of the Bible; this has not been the case with evolution and the origin of man in Protestant Christianity. The speaker explains the current American positions and their possible solution.
Author: Prof. Karl Giberson

Lecture 2017: Philosophy in the science-religion dialogue: a discussion based on the work of Mariano Artigas.

summaryAristotelian physics, reflection in search of truth, led to metaphysics. Modern science has separated from it. Science must be the empirical foundation of philosophical reflection on reality, a path outlined by Artigas.
Author: Prof. Juan Arana Cañedo-Argüelles

Summer reading

summaryReview of an issue of the Revue des Questions Scientifiques from 1880, in which the arguments on science and religion are very similar to those of today.
Author: José María Valderas

The divine and the human in Stephen Hawking's universe

summaryCommentary on the work Francisco J. Soler Gil. The divine and the human in Stephen Hawking's universe: clarifies the philosophical questions present in Hawking's theses, their implications for natural theology, and his concept of time.
Author: Carlos A. Marmelada

What we should know about Galileo Presentation

summary summary of the controversial or misunderstood issues in the Galileo case: how he died, what was the reason for his conviction, description of the 1616 trial and the 1633 trial, unanswered questions and references.
Author: Mariano Artigas

Monogenism and polygenism 

summaryThe present article is an update of the status quaestionissof the origin of the human being in the light of the most recent anthropological and genetic research data. It reviews the latest contributions of science and the current state of research, as well as a philosophical reading of the data in the light of the catholic doctrine on the origin of man.
Author: Rubén Herce

Oracles of Science

summaryMichael Cook's review of the book Oracles of Science, by Karl Giberson and Mariano Artigas.
Author: Michael Cook

Relationship between the theological doctrine of creation and biological theories of evolution

summaryThe fundamental elements of the Darwinian explanation of evolution, the Christian doctrine of creation, its philosophical explanation and its compatibility are examined.
Author: Santiago Collado González

Sciencie and Religion in Dialogue

summaryCompilation of a series of lectures on science and religion given by the various authors in China, funded by the Templeton Foundation.
Author: José Manuel Fidalgo

Scientific creativity and human singularity

summaryInformation sciences have contributed to clarify the meaning of models in scientific research, and this, in its turn, has made it easier to understand in which sense we can speak about scientific truth. Using stipulations we reach a contextual and partial, but also authentical scientific truth. And our creativity allows us to handle theoretical constructs and experimental devices in such a way that we can grasp how nature really is. As the alleged disconnections and even oppositions between science and theology depend in a great extent from the way of understanding scientific truth, the epistemological analysis of the relationships between creativity and truth may help us to advance towards a unifying perspective of knowledge in which, although the differences among science and theology are carefully respected, it is also possible to understand their mutual harmony and complementarity.
Author: Mariano Artigas

Theology and Science in a Christian Vision of the University 

Author: José Luis Illanes

The Design of Evolution

summaryArticle on the diverse meaning of the term random, the intervention of cardinal Schönborn in The New York Times, catholic faith and evolution, in the context of the intelligent design movement.
Author: Stephen M. Barr 

The Designs of Science

summary: Article of Cardinal Schönborn in response to comentary of Barr about the article of New York Times, about The Design of Evolution.
Author: Christoph Cardinal Schönborn

The Galileo Affair Presentation

summaryIllustrated synthesis of the book "Galileo in Rome. The Rise and Fall of an Uneasy Genius" (New York: Oxford University Press, 2003), by William Shea and Mariano Artigas. It tell the story of the Galileo Affair following Galileo's six trips to Rome. It stick to well documented facts.
Author: William Shea and Mariano Artigas

The Mind of the Universe
The Presuppositions and Implications of Science as a Bridge between Science and Religion

summaryThe impact of secular humanism on our understanding of human affairs, and the desacralization of contemporary culture can be considered as two sides of the same coin. Apparently they are closely related to the progress of empirical science. I am going to consider these topics under the perspective of the impact of scientific progress on them. In its beginnings, the new science was seen as a road from nature to its Maker, promoting natural theology. Later on, however, it was interpreted as favouring a "disenchantment" of the world. I will comment on some proposals of "reenchanting" the world, and will refer to my own proposal, which has recently been published in my last book, The Mind of the Universe, published last April 2000 by the Templeton Foundation Press.
Author: Mariano Artigas

The Mind of the Universe
Understanding Science and Religion

summaryThe paper examines the work of "disenchantment" of the world by modern science and the need to "re-enchant" the world, within a context of rationality. The bridges to achieve this result lie in the self-organisation of the subject as a reflection of the divine action that imprints a teleology on reality, the singularity of man that produces science and the recognition of the intelligibility of reality.
Author: Mariano Artigas

The Miracle of Evolution

summaryThe article explains the usual confusion between evolution and Darwinism, the position of the creationism, and the errors of the Intelligent Design solution to conciliate these arguments.
Author: Stephen M. Barr

The Religion and Science discussion Why Does It Continue?

summaryReview of the book Harold W. Attridge (ed.), The Religion and Science discussion Why Does It Continue?, Yale University Press, New Haven and London 2009. Exposition of ID and anti-evolutionary arguments, and the problems of method that lie beneath to perpetuate the discussion.
Author: Javier Sánchez Cañizares

Mind transfer and secularism Presentation

summaryLife extension methods promoted by the transhumanist movement, especially mind transfer; the secularist matrix of this method is sample . Its attempt to bring immortality under human control takes the process of secularisation to a level never seen before.
Author: Leandro Gaitán

U.S. News interviews Mariano Artigas

Author: James M. Pethokoukis

Workshop: Epistemological Analysis of the Science-Religion Dialogue
The difficult epistemological relationship between science and religion

summaryFilm clips from the CRYF Workshop with a team of Argentinean researchers, in which various aspects of the Philosophy of science are analysed in relation to their impact on the relationship between science and religion.
Author: Christián Carman, Santiago Collado, Ricard Casadesús, Daniel Blanco, Oscar Beltrán, Francisco Gallardo, Enrique Moros, Gonzalo Luis Recio, Jorge Martín Montoya, Ignacio del Carril, Rubén Herce, José Víctor Orón, Javier Sánchez-Cañizares and Antonio Pardo.