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Back to 2014_06_12_ICS_Según estudios, en los países que prohíben la compra de servicios sexuales, el 90% de las mujeres afectadas logra abandonar la prostitución

According to programs of study, in countries that prohibit the purchase of sexual services, 90% of the women concerned manage to leave prostitution.

A technical report prepared by experts from the University of Navarra states that nations that have legalized the activity "have not managed to reduce cases of sexual exploitation or human trafficking".

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Caption: From left to right, Jokin de Irala, Carlos Beltramo, Alfonso Osorio and Cristina López del Burgo, authors of the research. PHOTO: Manuel Castells
12/06/14 16:40 Isabel Solana

programs of study The results show that in countries where laws prohibiting prostitution exist, up to 90% of the women concerned have managed to leave this activity thanks to the assistance promoted by the authorities. This is revealed by a technical report prepared by experts from the project 'Education of Affectivity and Human Sexuality' of the Institute for Culture and Society (ICS) of the University of Navarra.

The work indicates that nations like Sweden "criminalize the one who pays for the 'service', not the people who give 'their body'", as part of the plan of actions "to prevent violence against women", with the goal to help more people to leave prostitution. And, contrary to what is sometimes argued, these measures "reduce street prostitution significantly and do not cause an increase in rape or violence against women".

The document also refers to status in countries that have legalized prostitution, such as Germany, which did so in 2002: "The 'sex workers' can collect pensions when they retire because they pay social security contributions. However, there has been no reduction in cases of sexual exploitation or human trafficking, nor have the working conditions or hygiene of these 'workers' improved".

"Laws prohibiting prostitution seek to ensure equality, protect women and minors, and prevent serious human rights abuses," the authors remind us. "In many circumstances," they continue, "it seems unreasonable to think that 'a client'" can be completely sure that he or she is a person of legal age or that he or she is offering his or her services without coercion. Distinguishing between the purchase of a sexual service Exempt of any violence and a full-fledged sexual abuse is complicated in the internship, where the payer does not go beyond the sexual transaction for which he has given his money".

To propose measures in an international and global context.

The experts of the University of Navarra insist on the need to "approach the prohibition in an international and global context of measures addressing all the complex aspects involved in solving the problem of human trafficking".

Among these, the following stand out: combating demand by clients and pimps, especially by pursuing those who traffic in criminal networks and identifying facilitators and exploiters; reducing "supply" by making no one perceive that engaging in prostitution is a "necessity" and by rehabilitating and reintegrating victims; strengthening communities by increasing economic opportunities, promoting equality between men and women, fostering interdisciplinary partnership of professionals and improving the training of law enforcement advocates; and reinforcing the affective-sexual Education of young people, emphasizing respect for the dignity of the person and the centrality of human love.

Signing the work Jokin de Irala, researcher main and Full Professor of the School of Medicineand three other members of project of the ICS: Carlos Beltramo; Alfonso Osorio de Rebellón-Yohn, professor of the School of Education and Psychologyand Cristina López del Burgo, professor at School of Medicine.

The complete report