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"Europe needs to integrate all its resources and strengthen its technological and industrial structure."

Emiliano López Achurra, president of Petronor and director of Repsol, gives a lecture lecture at the University of Navarra.

14 | 03 | 2023

"The physical articulation of Europe is not enough. It needs an integration of all resources and a reinforcement of its technological and industrial structure". lecture This was stated at the University of Navarra by Emiliano López Achurra, president of Petronor and director of Repsol, in a lecture he gave to the students of the Degree in Philosophy, Politics and Economics (PPE), in the framework of the II workshop Tomás Moro, patron saint of the rulers.

At the event, chaired by the dean of the School of Philosophy and Letters, Julia Pavón, the expert defended a common technological transition that favors the processes of energy transition that are being proposed in society: "To address it, restructuring and reindustrialization with a European technological base is necessary," he said.

He also pointed out that this commitment is also necessary at subject , an area which, in his opinion, cannot be excluded from discussion. "Europe needs a unification of positions to have strength in terms of security of supply in raw materials, and there is no such strength if there is no military strength".

Examples of this are, as he pointed out, the United States, "with a great extraterritorial military potential and a strong capacity to apply international sanctions, or China, which does so through its courts". Thus, he defended that Europe needs to consider mechanisms to join efforts and unify positions.

The importance of knowing history in order to understand the present

On the other hand, Mr. López Achurra stressed to the audience the importance of knowing the episodes that have determined the construction and integration of Europe and that have meant "our lifeline". Treaties such as the ECSC, the Treaty of Rome or the Euratom, or crises such as the Suez Canal, the fall of the Berlin Wall or the September 11 attacks are some of the milestones through which he has made a tour to explain the consequences they had on the evolution of European history and configuration.

In this sense, he recalled the need to evaluate and analyze the international panorama and its strategies without falling into the short deadline: "What we are now is result of more than 200 years of history: historical processes generate changes of mentality that take place after two generations, that is why immediacy is a very bad advisor".

López Achurra, who has recognized himself as "a self-confessed Europeanist", defined Europe as "a socio-political and economic space that generates security in the preservation of our rights and freedoms" and pointed out that its project is structured on the basis of its historical, sociological and economic knowledge . "The crises in Europe have generated construction dynamics that it is essential to know in order to understand our present".