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Prof. Andrea Cocchini, on the group of work preparing the project International Treaty on Plastics 

FotoManuelCastells/El researcher and professor at the Faculty of Law, Andrea Cocchini.

26 | 02 | 2023

Andrea Cocchini, professor of International Law and researcher of School, is a member of the group of work International of the CIDCE(Centre International de Droit Conmparé de l'Environnement), led by Michel Prieur, Professor Emeritus of the University of Limoges (France), and composed of 50 academics and lawyers, in charge of submitting a report to the committee Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC) of the United Nations that is preparing the project of the International Treaty on Plastics

The group is divided into 6 subgroups of work. Professor Cocchini addresses the legal regulation of the production of plastics, their use and the pollution they cause.

The ICN held its first meeting in Punta del Este, Uruguay, from November 28 to December 2. The second negotiationmeeting will be held in Paris from May 22 to 26, 2023.

The international community does not yet have a binding legal instrument that specifically addresses plastic waste pollution. However, on March 2, 2022, in Nairobi, Kenya, at the resumed fifth session of the United Nations Environment Assembly (UNEA 5.2), representatives of the 175 participating states took an important step towards filling this gap. 

The UNEA adopted, among others, the resolution entitled Ending Plastic Pollution: Towards an International Legally Binding Instrument, marking a moment defined as "historic" by the Executive Director of the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) .

committee The resolution, adopted on the basis of the project of Peru and Rwanda, approves the creation of an Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC) to develop, by 2024, the draft of the first treaty on the full life cycle of plastics, from their production, through their design, to their elimination, including binding and voluntary measures. This agreement, will have to be based on a global strategy that takes into account, among other things, the principles of the Rio Declaration on the Environment and development of 1992, as well as national circumstances and capacities.

According to data of the United Nations, plastic production has increased exponentially in recent decades and now amounts to some 400 million tons per year, a figure that will double by 2040.